Intermediate
30 min

Revolutionize automation and control with EKMC1606112 and TM4C1294NCZAD

Detect the unseen: Pyroelectric wonders await!

Motion 3 Click with Fusion for Tiva v8

Published Oct 07, 2023

Click board™

Motion 3 Click

Development board

Fusion for Tiva v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

TM4C1294NCZAD

We are dedicated to simplifying your life and reducing energy wastage through our PIR motion sensor solutions, ensuring that your environments respond intelligently to human activity, leading to a more sustainable and comfortable future

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Motion 3 Click is based on EKMC1606112, a PIR motion sensor from Panasonic used as a human motion detector. This PIR sensor can detect changes in the amount of infrared radiation impinging upon it, which varies depending on the temperature and surface characteristics of the objects in front of the sensor. Detection performance of EKMC1606112 at ambient temperature of 25℃ with temperature difference of 8℃ is up to 17m and for temperature difference of 4℃ it's up to 12m. Angle detection area with 128 detection zones is 62°(±31°)horizontal and 62°(±31°)vertical. Output from PIR sensor is feed into buffer and then photorelay alowing users to directly control with galvanic isolation from sensor and MCU electronic devices such as lights, motors,

gates, and more. The TLP241A photorelay is able to effectively replace traditionally used mechanical relays, bringing up the full set of inherited benefits: virtually unlimited number of cycles since there are no moving parts that would wear off, no bouncing effect on the output contacts, high resistance to mechanical shock and environmental influence, low current required for the activation, constant resistance since no carbon and rust can build up on contacts, there is no sparking or electric arc forming while operated, compact size, higher isolation voltage, and so on. When an object, such as a person, passes in front of the background, such as a wall, the temperature at that point in the sensor's field of view will rise from room temperature to body temperature, and

then back again. The sensor converts the resulting change in the incoming infrared radiation into a change in the output voltage, and this triggers the detection. Objects of similar temperature but different surface characteristics may also have a different infrared emission pattern, and thus moving them with respect to the background may trigger the detector as well. In some cases, going back and forth towards the sensor (parallel movement to the axis Z), may not be detected. Difficulty in sensing the heat source is that glass, acrylic or similar materials standing between the target and the sensor may not allow a correct transmission of infrared rays and also non-movement or quick movements of the heat source inside the detection area.

Motion 3 Click top side image
Motion 3 Click bottom side image

Features overview

Development board

Fusion for TIVA v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different 32-bit ARM® Cortex®-M based MCUs from Texas Instruments, regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over a WiFi network. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, Fusion for TIVA v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access

anywhere and under any circumstances at any time. Each part of the Fusion for TIVA v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector.

Communication options such as USB-UART, USB HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. Fusion for TIVA v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Fusion for Tiva v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M4

MCU Memory (KB)

1024

Silicon Vendor

Texas Instruments

Pin count

212

RAM (Bytes)

262144

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
Enable
PE7
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
Interrupt
PB4
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Motion 3 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Fusion for Tiva v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Motion 3 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • motion3_enable - This function enables/disables motion sensor by setting EN pin state

  • motion3_detect_state - This function returns INT pin state

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief Motion 3 Click Example.
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of Motion 3 click boards.
 * 
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and enables the motion sensor.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * It checks if the sensor has detected movement and therefore displays 
 * the desired message on the USB UART.
 *
 * @author Jelena Milosavljevic
 *
 */
// ------------------------------------------------------------------- INCLUDES

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "motion3.h"

// ------------------------------------------------------------------ VARIABLES

static motion3_t motion3;   /**< Motion 3 Click driver object. */
static log_t logger;    /**< Logger object. */

motion3_detect_state_t motion_state;
motion3_detect_state_t motion_old_state;
// ------------------------------------------------------ APPLICATION FUNCTIONS

void application_init ( void ) {
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    motion3_cfg_t motion3_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.

    motion3_cfg_setup( &motion3_cfg );
    MOTION3_MAP_MIKROBUS( motion3_cfg, MIKROBUS_5 );
    if ( motion3_init( &motion3, &motion3_cfg ) == DIGITAL_OUT_UNSUPPORTED_PIN ) {
       
        log_error( &logger, " Application Init Error. " );
        log_info( &logger, " Please, run program again... " );

        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    motion3_enable( &motion3, MOTION3_MODULE_ENABLE );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
    log_printf( &logger, "The sensor is ready.\r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );
}

void application_task ( void ) {
    uint8_t int_status;

    int_status = motion3_detect_state( &motion3 );

    if ( int_status == MOTION3_DETECT_OBJECT )
    {
        log_printf( &logger, "Motion detected!\r\n" );
        log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );
        while ( int_status == MOTION3_DETECT_OBJECT ) {
           
            int_status = motion3_detect_state( &motion3 );
        }
        log_printf( &logger, "The sensor is ready.\r\n" );
        log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );
        Delay_ms( 100 );
    }
}

void main ( void ) {
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources