Beginner
10 min

Create innovative BLDC motor control with LB11685AV and PIC18F57K42

Unleash smooth and powerful motion

Brushless 16 Click with UNI-DS v8

Published Jul 27, 2023

Click board™

Brushless 16 Click

Development board

UNI-DS v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18F57K42

Our cutting-edge solution efficiently drives cooling fan motors, ensuring optimal airflow and temperature regulation for a refreshing and quiet environment

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Brushless 16 Click is based on the LB11685AV, a three-phase full-wave current-linear-drive motor driver from ON Semiconductor. The LB11685AV adopts a sensorless control system without using a Hall-effect device. It features a current soft switching circuit for silent operation. It is also characterized by easy control, current limit, and various protection features. This Click board™ makes the perfect solution for delivering quiet, cool operation to home appliances and office automation equipment. Start-Up Mode is set when the LB11685AV starts its operation. After the "START" position, the LB11685AV outputs energization timing patterns for a Start-Up in each output (U/V/W) to determine the position of a motor. Based on the timing pattern, the motor starts rotation, and LB11685AV detects back-EMF, defining a motor position. As a result, the

LB11685AV outputs energization timing, which synchronizes with the motor position to the motor. That's how a motor starts rotation. When the LB11685AV switches from Start-Up Mode to Regular rotation Mode, the driving current is switched to full driving mode, which increases the rotation speed until it is stabilized. Brushless 12 Click communicates with MCU using several GPIO pins. The device can be turned on or off through a dedicated Enable (EN) pin routed on the CS pin of the mikroBUS™ socket, while the FG pin routed on the PWM pin serves as a rotation speed indicator and outputs a rectangular waveform in reverse to V motor signal made by back EMF. Besides, it is possible to detect motor lock events on the interrupt RD pin routed to the INT signal of the mikroBUS™ socket, where the indication of such a condition is performed using the red LED

indicator labeled as MOTOR LOCK. Brushless 16 Click supports an external power supply connected to the input terminal labeled as VM, next to the U, V, W, and COM terminals on which the BLDC motor needs to be connected. The absolute maximum rating of the power supply voltage is 19V which must not be exceeded, even for a moment. Do not exceed any of these ratings! This Click board™ can operate with both 3.3V and 5V logic voltage levels selected via the VCC SEL jumper. It allows both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs to use the communication lines properly. Additionally, there is a possibility for LB11685AV power supply selection via jumper labeled as VFAN SEL to supply the LB11685AV from an external input terminal in the range from 4.5 to 19V or with a 5V from mikroBUS™ power rail.

Brushless 16 Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

UNI-DS v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different STM32, Kinetis, TIVA, CEC, MSP, PIC, dsPIC, PIC32, and AVR MCUs regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over WiFi. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, UNI-DS v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any

circumstances at any time. Each part of the UNI-DS v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector. Communication options such as USB-UART, USB

HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. UNI-DS v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

UNI-DS v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

128

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

48

RAM (Bytes)

8192

You complete me!

Accessories

2207V-2500kV BLDC Motor is an outrunner brushless DC motor with a kV rating of 2500 and an M5 shaft diameter. It is an excellent solution for fulfilling many functions initially performed by brushed DC motors or in RC drones, racing cars, and much more.

Brushless 16 Click accessories 1 image

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
Enable
PE0
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
Rotation Speed Indication
PB0
PWM
Motor Lock Detection
PA0
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Brushless 16 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the UNI-DS v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Brushless 16 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • brushless16_set_en - This function set en pin state

  • brushless16_get_rd - This function get rd pin state

  • brushless16_get_fg - This function get fg pin state

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief Brushless 16 Click Example.
 *
 * # Description
 * This example showcases ability to enable and disable motor output,
 * and check the status pins.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializon of UART module for log and pins for motor control.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Checks state of information pins every ms, and stop and start motor
 * output every second.
 *
 * @author Luka Filipovic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "brushless16.h"

static brushless16_t brushless16;   /**< Brushless 16 Click driver object. */
static log_t logger;    /**< Logger object. */

void application_init ( void ) 
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    brushless16_cfg_t brushless16_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    brushless16_cfg_setup( &brushless16_cfg );
    BRUSHLESS16_MAP_MIKROBUS( brushless16_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( brushless16_init( &brushless16, &brushless16_cfg ) == DIGITAL_OUT_UNSUPPORTED_PIN ) 
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Application Init Error. " );
        log_info( &logger, " Please, run program again... " );

        for ( ; ; );
    }
    Delay_ms( 500 );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
}

void application_task ( void ) 
{
    static uint16_t timer = 5000;
    static uint8_t state = 1;
    
    if ( brushless16_get_rd( &brushless16 ) )
    {
        log_info( &logger, " Motor Lock" );
        Delay_ms( 500 );
    }
    
    if ( brushless16_get_fg( &brushless16 ) )
    {
        log_info( &logger, " FG" );
        Delay_ms( 500 );
    }
    
    if ( !( timer-- ) )
    {
        timer = 5000;
        
        if ( state )
        {
            log_info( &logger, " Motor stop" );
        }
        else
        {
            log_info( &logger, " Motor rotating" );
        }
        
        brushless16_set_en( &brushless16, state );
        state = !state;
    }
    
    Delay_ms( 1 );
}

void main ( void ) 
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) 
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources