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Monitor and respond to changes in the magnetic environment with US2882 and STM32F415ZG

Add a bipolar hall switch for smoother operations

Bi Hall Click with Fusion for ARM v8

Published Jun 20, 2023

Click board™

Bi Hall Click

Development board

Fusion for ARM v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

STM32F415ZG

By incorporating a bipolar Hall switch solution, you can ensure seamless switching between different states or modes in your design, enhancing its functionality and versatility

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

BI HALL Click is based on the US2882, a bipolar Hall-effect switch designed in mixed signal CMOS technology from Melexis Technologies. The US2882 comes with very high magnetic sensitivity based on mixed-signal CMOS technology. The US2882 integrates a voltage regulator, a Hall sensor with a dynamic offset cancellation system, a Schmitt trigger, and an open-drain output driver, all in a single package. It allows using generic magnets, weak magnets, or more significant air gaps, making it suitable for various automotive, consumer, and BLDC motor applications. The US2882 exhibits bipolar magnetic switching characteristics. Therefore, it operates with both the South and North poles. Typically, the device

behaves as a latch with symmetric operating and release switching points, which means magnetic fields with equivalent strength and opposite directions drive the output HIGH and LOW. In this way, it is possible to determine the pole of the magnet using the information that the host MCU receives from the sensor via the INT line of the mikroBUS™ socket. It is also possible to visually identify the magnet's North Pole via an onboard red LED. Removing the magnetic field keeps the output in its previous state, which defines the US2882 as a magnetic memory. Depending on the magnetic switching points, the US2882 may also behave as a unipolar positive or negative switch, which means the output can be set to HIGH and LOW by only

using one magnetic pole. In such a case, removing the magnetic field changes the output level. The chopper-stabilized amplifier uses a switched-capacitor technique to suppress the offset generally observed with Hall sensors and amplifiers. The CMOS technology makes this advanced technique possible, resulting in more stable magnetic characteristics. This Click board™ can operate with either 3.3V or 5V logic voltage levels selected via the LOGIC LEVEL jumper. This way, both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs can use the communication lines properly. However, the Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used, as a reference, for further development.

Bi Hall Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

Fusion for ARM v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different ARM® Cortex®-M based MCUs regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over WiFi. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, Fusion for ARM v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any

circumstances at any time. Each part of the Fusion for ARM v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector.

Communication options such as USB-UART, USB HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. Fusion for ARM v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Fusion for ARM v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M4

MCU Memory (KB)

1024

Silicon Vendor

STMicroelectronics

Pin count

144

RAM (Bytes)

196608

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
Hall Switch Output
PD3
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Bi Hall Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Fusion for ARM v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for BI HALL Click driver.

Key functions:

  • bihall_det_mag_field - Detecting south and north pole magnetic fields status function

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * \file 
 * \brief BI HALL Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * Detect the south & north pole magnetic fields.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * Configuring clicks and log objects.
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 * This is a example which demonstrates the use of BI HALL Click board.
 * Detect the south & north pole magnetic fields near the BI HALL Click.
 * Results are being sent to the Usart Terminal where you can track their changes.
 * All data logs on usb uart when magnetic field is detected.
 * 
 * \author Nenad Filipovic
 *
 */
// ------------------------------------------------------------------- INCLUDES

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "bihall.h"

// ------------------------------------------------------------------ VARIABLES

static bihall_t bihall;
static log_t logger;

uint8_t bihall_state;
uint8_t bihall_state_old;

// ------------------------------------------------------- ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS


// ------------------------------------------------------ APPLICATION FUNCTIONS

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    bihall_cfg_t cfg;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_printf(&logger, "---- Application Init ----\r\n");

    //  Click initialization.

    bihall_cfg_setup( &cfg );
    BIHALL_MAP_MIKROBUS( cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    bihall_init( &bihall, &cfg );
    
    log_printf(&logger, " Detecting magnetic fields\r\n");
    log_printf(&logger, "--------------------------\r\n");
    
    bihall_state = BIHALL_MAG_POLE_NORTH;
    bihall_state_old = BIHALL_MAG_POLE_NORTH;
}

void application_task ( void )
{
    bihall_state = bihall_det_mag_field( &bihall );

    if ( ( bihall_state == BIHALL_MAG_POLE_SOUTH ) && ( bihall_state_old == BIHALL_MAG_POLE_NORTH ) )
    {
        bihall_state_old = BIHALL_MAG_POLE_SOUTH;
        log_printf(&logger, "         ~ SOUTH ~\r\n");
        log_printf(&logger, "--------------------------\r\n");
    }

    if ( ( bihall_state == BIHALL_MAG_POLE_NORTH ) && ( bihall_state_old == BIHALL_MAG_POLE_SOUTH ) )
    {
        log_printf(&logger, "         ~ NORTH ~\r\n");
        log_printf(&logger, "--------------------------\r\n");
        bihall_state_old = BIHALL_MAG_POLE_NORTH;
    }
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}


// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources