Intermediate
30 min
0

Harness the full potential of proximity detection with VCNL36687S and STM32F030RC

Proximity sensing: Your personal digital security

Proximity 8 Click with Fusion for STM32 v8

Published Oct 14, 2023

Click board™

Proximity 8 Click

Development board

Fusion for STM32 v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

STM32F030RC

Explore the uncharted territories of proximity detection and witness how it's shaping the technological landscape

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Proximity 8 Click is based on the VCNL36687S, a proximity sensor with VCSEL in a single package, with the I2C Interface from Vishay. This is a proximity sensor aimed towards portable, mobile and IoT applications, where close proximity detection is required. A good example might be a display activation in the close proximity of an operator. The sensor itself has an advanced analog and digital frontend circuits, which make it easy working with the sensor: it can be set to trigger a PS detection by a single operation over the I2C. The rest of the time, it will stay in the standby mode, saving the power that way. The VCNL36687S features a 12-bit ADC, therefore the output data is in 12-bit format. There are two registers that are used to hold the output result. Besides the four Most Significant Bits (MSBs), the PS data output high-byte register contains another bit that indicates that the device entered the sunlight protection mode. The operation of the VCNL36687S can be configured by writing to a set of CONFIG registers. There are four config registers, which are used to set the PS sampling

period, interrupt persistence value, smart persistence, interrupt, operating mode, etc. The comprehensive list of all the registers and their function is given within the VCNL36687S datasheet. However, Proximity 8 click supports a mikroSDK compatible library, which contains a set of functions used to simplify and accelerate the development. There are two pairs of threshold registers, used to trigger an interrupt when the measurement exceeds their values. These registers contain two 12-bit values, which represent the boundaries of the detection window. Each time one of these values is exceeded, an interrupt will be generated, and the INT pin will be asserted to a LOW logic level. The interrupt flag bit indicates the condition that caused an interrupt. The interrupt persistence can be set, preventing false triggering: the INT pin will be asserted only after a number of consecutive measurements that exceed either of the threshold values. This pin is routed to the mikroBUS™ INT pin, and it is normally pulled up by a resistor. Another feature of the VCNL36687S sensor is the Logic Output mode:

close proximity of an object will trigger an interrupt (a logic LOW level on the INT pin). When the object moves away, the INT pin will be de-asserted (a logic HIGH level on the INT pin). The difference between this mode and the other modes is that the user does not have to read the status bit to clear the interrupt and de-assert the INT pin. It will be controlled automatically by the low/high threshold values. To improve the reliability of the detection, the VCNL36687S employs a smart cancelation scheme. It uses the value stored within the register to subtract it from the output measurement, reducing the crosstalk phenomenon. A sunlight mode allows the device to be used even when exposed to sunlight. The VCNL36687S is operated by 1.8V, therefore a voltage regulator IC had to be used. The logic section of the VCNL36687S allows it to be operated at 3.3V directly, so no logic level translation is required if the Click board™ is used with MCUs that use 3.3V logic levels. However, if operated by an MCU that uses 5V for logic levels, a proper logic level voltage translation is required.

Proximity 8 Click top side image
Proximity 8 Click bottom side image

Features overview

Development board

Fusion for STM32 v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different 32-bit ARM® Cortex®-M based MCUs from STMicroelectronics, regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over WiFi. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, Fusion for STM32 v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing

access anywhere and under any circumstances at any time. Each part of the Fusion for STM32 v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector.

Communication options such as USB-UART, USB HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. Fusion for STM32 v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Fusion for STM32 v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M0

MCU Memory (KB)

256

Silicon Vendor

STMicroelectronics

Pin count

64

RAM (Bytes)

32768

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
Interrupt
PA11
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
I2C Clock
PB6
SCL
I2C Data
PB7
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Proximity 8 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Fusion for STM32 v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Proximity 8 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • proximity8_generic_read - This function reads data from the desired register

  • proximity8_generic_write - This function writes data to the desired register

  • proximity8_get_interrupt_state - This function returns Interrupt state

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * \file 
 * \brief Proximity8 Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * This application enables usage of the proximity sensor
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * Initialization Driver init, test comunication and configuration chip for measurement
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 * Reads Proximity data and this data logs to the USBUART every 1500ms.
 * 
 * *note:* 
 * The reading value and proximity of the data depend on the configuration.
 * 
 * \author MikroE Team
 *
 */
// ------------------------------------------------------------------- INCLUDES

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "proximity8.h"

// ------------------------------------------------------------------ VARIABLES

static proximity8_t proximity8;
static log_t logger;

// ------------------------------------------------------ APPLICATION FUNCTIONS

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    proximity8_cfg_t cfg;
    uint16_t tmp;
    uint16_t w_temp;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, "---- Application Init ----" );

    //  Click initialization.

    proximity8_cfg_setup( &cfg );
    PROXIMITY8_MAP_MIKROBUS( cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    proximity8_init( &proximity8, &cfg );

    //Test Communication
    
    proximity8_generic_read( &proximity8, PROXIMITY8_REG_DEVICE_ID, &tmp );

    if ( tmp == PROXIMITY8_DEVICE_ID )
    {
        log_printf( &logger, "---- Comunication OK!!! ----\r\n" );
    }
    else
    {
        log_printf( &logger, "---- Comunication ERROR!!! ----\r\n" );
        for ( ; ; );
    }

    proximity8_default_cfg( &proximity8 );

    log_printf( &logger, "---- Start measurement ----\r\n" );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
   uint16_t proximity;
   
   proximity8_generic_read( &proximity8, PROXIMITY8_REG_PROX_DATA, &proximity );
   proximity = ( proximity & 0x7FFF );

   log_printf( &logger, " Proximity data: %d\r\n", proximity );
   
   log_printf( &logger, "-------------------------\r\n" );
   Delay_ms( 1500 );
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}


// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources