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Utilize energy from the environment with TCM310 and PIC18F46K40, and keep your devices connected on the go

Empower your devices with energy from anywhere!

EnOcean Click with EasyPIC v7a

Published Nov 02, 2023

Click board™

EnOcean Click

Development board

EasyPIC v7a

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18F46K40

Our energy harvesting solution offers a green and sustainable power solution by extracting energy from the environment, including motion, light, and temperature differences, allowing for reliable and continuous wireless signal transmission anytime and anywhere

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

EnOcean Click is based on the TCM310, a bidirectional transceiver gateway module from EnOcean. It enables the realization of gateways for the EnOcean 868MHz radio systems by providing a bidirectional radio interface at the one end and a serial interface at the other end, with an ASK modulation type and data rate of 125Kbps. The module has low current consumption for receiving and transmitting modes with a receiving sensitivity of -96dBm over the onboard 868MHz chip antenna. It generates its electrical energy by

converting electromagnetic, solar, and thermoelectric energy to work as a battery-free self-powered device. The TCM310 module can act as a postmaster for up to 15 bidirectional sensors using Smart Ack technology. The EnOcean module uses the UART interface with commonly used UART RX and TX pins as its default communication protocol for communication with the host microcontroller. In addition, this Click board™ also features read and operating modes, which can be activated using the EN pin of the

mikroBUS™ socket. The operating mode is set by default with a pull-down resistor. The reset pin routed on the RST pin of the mikroBUS™ socket provides the general module-reset ability. This Click board™ can be operated only with a 3.3V logic voltage level. The board must perform appropriate logic voltage level conversion before using MCUs with different logic levels. Also, it comes equipped with a library containing functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

EnOcean Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

EasyPIC v7a is the seventh generation of PIC development boards specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of 8-bit PIC microcontrollers from Microchip and has a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over USB-C. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements in one place, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others. With four different connectors for each port, EasyPIC v7a allows you to connect accessory boards, sensors, and custom electronics more efficiently than ever. Each part of the EasyPIC v7a development board

contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module, which offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment, the board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use various external power sources, including an external 12V power supply, 7-23V AC or 9-32V DC via DC connector/screw terminals, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector. Communication options such as USB-UART and RS-232 are also included, alongside the well-

established mikroBUS™ standard, three display options (7-segment, graphical, and character-based LCD), and several different DIP sockets. These sockets cover a wide range of 8-bit PIC MCUs, from PIC10F, PIC12F, PIC16F, PIC16Enh, PIC18F, PIC18FJ, and PIC18FK families. EasyPIC v7a is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

EasyPIC v7a double side image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

PIC18F46K40

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

64

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

40

RAM (Bytes)

3728

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
Reset
RE1
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
Operational Mode Enable
RC0
PWM
NC
NC
INT
UART TX
RC6
TX
UART RX
RC7
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

EnOcean Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

EasyPIC v7a front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the EasyPIC v7a as your development board.

EasyPIC v7a front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
MCU DIP 40 hardware assembly
EasyPIC v7a MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto DIP image step 7 hardware assembly
EasyPIC PRO v7a Display Selection Necto Step hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for EnOcean Click driver.

Key functions:

  • enocean_response_ready - Response Ready function.

  • enocean_uart_isr - UART Interrupt Routine function.

  • enocean_send_packet - Packet Send function.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * \file 
 * \brief Enocean Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * This example reads and processes data from EnOcean clicks.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * Initializes the driver and sets the driver handler.
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 * Reads the received data and parses it on the USB UART if the response buffer is ready.
 * 
 * ## Additional Function
 * - enocean_process - The general process of collecting data the module sends.
 * - make_response - Driver handler function which stores data in the response buffer.
 * - log_response - Logs the module response on the USB UART.
 * - log_example - Logs button events on the USB UART.
 * - check_response - Checks if the response is ready and logs button events.
 * 
 * \author MikroE Team
 *
 */
// ------------------------------------------------------------------- INCLUDES

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "enocean.h"
#include "string.h"

// ------------------------------------------------------------------ VARIABLES

static enocean_t enocean;
static log_t logger;

enocean_packet_t response;
uint16_t response_size_cnt;
uint8_t rsp_check = 1;

// ------------------------------------------------------- ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS

void make_response( enocean_packet_t *rsp, uint16_t *rsp_length_size )
{
    uint16_t rsp_cnt;

    for ( rsp_cnt = 0; rsp_cnt < rsp->data_length; rsp_cnt++ )
    {
        response.data_buff[ rsp_cnt ] = rsp->data_buff[ rsp_cnt ];
    }
    
    response.data_length = rsp->data_length;
    response.opt_length  = rsp->opt_length;
    response.packet_type = rsp->packet_type;
    response_size_cnt    = *rsp_length_size;
}

void log_response( )
{
    uint16_t rsp_cnt;

    if ( rsp_check == 1 )
    {
        log_printf( &logger, "OPCODE + PARAM : ", rsp_check );
        rsp_check = 0;
    }

    for ( rsp_cnt = 0; rsp_cnt < response.data_length; rsp_cnt++ )
    {
        log_printf( &logger, "0x%.2X ", ( uint16_t ) response.data_buff[ rsp_cnt ] );
    }
    
    if ( response_size_cnt == 1 )
    {
        log_printf( &logger, "\r\n" );
        rsp_check = 1;
    }
}

void log_example( )
{
    switch ( response.data_buff[ 1 ] )
    {
        case 0x00:
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "* Button is released *\r\n" );
            break;
        }
        case 0x10 :
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "* Button 1 is pressed *\r\n" );
            break;
        }
        case 0x30 :
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "* Button 3 is pressed *\r\n" );
            break;
        }
        case 0x50 :
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "* Button 5 is pressed *\r\n" );
            break;
        }
        case 0x70 :
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "* Button 7 is pressed *\r\n" );
            break;
        }
        case 0x15 :
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "* Buttons 1 and 5 are pressed *\r\n" );
            break;
        }
        case 0x17 :
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "* Buttons 1 and 7 are pressed *\r\n" );
            break;
        }
        case 0x35 :
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "* Buttons 3 and 5 are pressed *\r\n" );
            break;
        }
        case 0x37 :
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "* Buttons 3 and 7 are pressed *\r\n" );
            break;
        }
        default :
        {
            break;
        }
    }
}   

void check_response( )
{
    uint8_t response_ready;

    response_ready = enocean_response_ready( &enocean );

    if ( response_ready == ENOCEAN_RESPONSE_READY )
    {
        log_example( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------ APPLICATION FUNCTIONS

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    enocean_cfg_t cfg;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, "---- Application Init ----" );

    //  Click initialization.

    enocean_cfg_setup( &cfg );
    ENOCEAN_MAP_MIKROBUS( cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    enocean_init( &enocean, &cfg );

    Delay_ms( 500 );
    
    enocean_response_handler_set( &enocean, &make_response );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
    enocean_uart_isr ( &enocean );
    check_response ( );
    Delay_1ms( );
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}


// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources