Intermediate
20 min
0

Upgrade your projects with DRV8317H and MK51DN512CLQ10

Improve your applications with our smart, reliable brushless motor driver!

Brushless 26 Click with Fusion for Kinetis v8

Published Nov 15, 2023

Click board™

Brushless 26 Click

Development board

Fusion for Kinetis v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

MK51DN512CLQ10

Whether you're building drones or robotics, our brushless motor drivers offer the perfect blend of power and agility, ensuring your devices perform at their peak.

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Brushless 26 Click is based on the DRV8317H, a three-phase PWM motor driver from Texas Instruments. Its integrated protection features include VM undervoltage lockout, VM overvoltage protection, charge pump undervoltage, overcurrent protection, overtemperature warning and shutdown, and fault condition indication pin. The motor driver provides two configurable schemes, a 6x or a 3x PWM, which can be used to implement sensor or sensor-less field-oriented control (FOC), sinusoidal control, or trapezoidal control using an external microcontroller. It is capable of driving a PWM frequency of up to 200KHz. To control all high and low side driver control inputs of the DRV8317H, Brushless 26 Click features the PCA9538A, a low-voltage 8-bit I2C I/O port with interrupt and reset from NXP. Besides driver control

inputs, this I/O port also controls the Sleep mode of the motor driver. The BLDC motor can be connected over the screw terminal, labeled U, V, and W. Additional screw terminal is just aside for connecting an external power supply in a range of 4.5V up to 20V. The DRV8317H is a hardware variant of this motor driver, so the Brushless 26 Click is equipped with jumper selections of the gain, slew, and mode; by default, all three are set to 0. This way, you can set the current sense amplifier gain (GA) and output slew rate (SW) through pin voltage levels. The mode jumper (MD) allows you to use a 6x or 3x PWM mode. The 6x PWM is set by default. Additionally, three current sense amplifiers are available over the 4-pin header labeled A1, A2, and A3. Brushless 26 Click uses a standard 2-wire I2C interface of the PCA9538A to

communicate with the host MCU, supporting clock frequencies up to 400kHz. The I2C address of the PCA9538A can be set over the ADDR SEL jumpers, where 0 is selected by default. If a fault condition occurs, the DRV8317H will pull the FLT pin to a low logic state. The RST pin resets the PCA9538A I/O port. This Click board™ can operate with either 3.3V or 5V logic voltage levels selected via the VCC SEL jumper. This way, both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs can use the communication lines properly. Also, this Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

Brushless 26 Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

Fusion for KINETIS v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different 32-bit ARM® Cortex®-M based MCUs from NXP Semiconductor, regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over a WiFi network. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, Fusion for KINETIS v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing

access anywhere and under any circumstances at any time. Each part of the Fusion for KINETIS v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector.

Communication options such as USB-UART, USB HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. Fusion for KINETIS v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Fusion for Kinetis v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M4

MCU Memory (KB)

512

Silicon Vendor

NXP

Pin count

144

RAM (Bytes)

131072

You complete me!

Accessories

Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor with a Hall sensor represents a high-performance motor from the 42BLF motor series. This motor, wired in a star configuration, boasts a Hall Effect angle of 120°, ensuring precise and reliable performance. With a compact motor length of 47mm and a lightweight design tipping the scales at just 0.29kg, this BLDC motor is engineered to meet your needs. Operating flawlessly at a voltage rating of 24VDC and a speed range of 4000 ± 10% RPM, this motor offers consistent and dependable power. It excels in a normal operational temperature range from -20 to +50°C, maintaining efficiency with a rated current of 1.9A. Also, this product seamlessly integrates with all Brushless Click boards™ and those that require BLDC motors with Hall sensors.

Brushless 26 Click accessories image

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
Reset
PE0
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
Fault Interrupt
PA26
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
I2C Clock
PC10
SCL
I2C Data
PC11
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Brushless 26 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Fusion for Kinetis v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Brushless 26 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • brushless26_reset_port_exp - Brushless 26 reset port expander function.

  • brushless26_set_pins - Brushless 26 set pins function.

  • brushless26_drive_motor - Brushless 26 drive motor function.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief Brushless 26 Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of the Brushless 26 click board by driving the 
 * motor in both directions at different speeds.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and performs the click default configuration.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Drives the motor in both directions and changes the motor speed approximately every 2 seconds.
 * The driving direction and speed will be displayed on the USB UART.
 *
 * @author Stefan Ilic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "brushless26.h"

static brushless26_t brushless26;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void ) 
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    brushless26_cfg_t brushless26_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    brushless26_cfg_setup( &brushless26_cfg );
    BRUSHLESS26_MAP_MIKROBUS( brushless26_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( I2C_MASTER_ERROR == brushless26_init( &brushless26, &brushless26_cfg ) ) 
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    if ( BRUSHLESS26_ERROR == brushless26_default_cfg ( &brushless26 ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task");
}

void application_task ( void ) 
{
    log_printf ( &logger, "\r\n Driving motor clockwise \r\n" );
    for ( uint8_t speed = BRUSHLESS26_SPEED_MIN; speed <= BRUSHLESS26_SPEED_MAX; speed += 20 )
    {
        log_printf ( &logger, " Speed gain: %u\r\n", ( uint16_t ) speed );
        if ( BRUSHLESS26_OK != brushless26_drive_motor ( &brushless26, BRUSHLESS26_DIR_CW, speed, 2000 ) )
        {
            log_error ( &logger, " Drive motor " );
        }
    }
    Delay_ms ( 1000 );
    
    log_printf ( &logger, "\r\n Driving motor counter-clockwise \r\n" );
    for ( uint8_t speed = BRUSHLESS26_SPEED_MIN; speed <= BRUSHLESS26_SPEED_MAX; speed += 20 )
    {
        log_printf ( &logger, " Speed gain: %u\r\n", ( uint16_t ) speed );
        if ( BRUSHLESS26_OK != brushless26_drive_motor ( &brushless26, BRUSHLESS26_DIR_CCW, speed, 2000 ) )
        {
            log_error ( &logger, " Drive motor " );
        }
    }
    Delay_ms ( 1000 );
}

void main ( void ) 
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) 
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources