Intermediate
30 min
0

Achieve data storage and access speeds previously thought impossible with the help of MR10Q010 and TM4C1294NCPDT

Next-Gen memory marvel

MRAM 2 Click with Fusion for ARM v8

Published Sep 13, 2023

Click board™

MRAM 2 Click

Development board

Fusion for ARM v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

TM4C1294NCPDT

Significantly improve your solution by storing more data, enabling faster data access, and consuming less energy than existing electronic memory

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

MRAM 2 Click is based on the MR10Q010, 1Mb Quad Output High-Speed Serial SPI MRAM memory solution from Everspin Technologies. The MR10Q010 is the ideal memory solution for applications that must quickly store and retrieve data and programs using a small number of pins, low power, and the space-saving 16-pin SOIC package. The four I/O’s in Quad SPI mode allow fast reads and writes, making it an attractive alternative to conventional parallel data bus interfaces in next-generation RAID controllers, server system logs, storage device buffers, and embedded system data and program memory. This Click board™ includes an LDO regulator BH18PB1WHFVCT from Rohm Semiconductor to provide the 1.8 V supply voltage. The LDO cuts power consumption by lowering its current

consumption to approximately 2μA when the application operates in the standby state. During normal-current operation, it will automatically switch to high-speed operating mode. The LDO regulator output provides a needed reference voltage for one side of the TXB0106, a 6-bit bidirectional level shifting and voltage translator with automatic direction sensing from Texas Instruments. The reference voltage for the other side of the level shifter is taken from the 3.3V pin from the mikroBUS™. The MRAM 2 Click communicates with MCU using the standard SPI serial interface that supports SPI Mode 0 and 3 and operates at clock rates up to 104 MHz. It also supports modes like Quad Peripheral Interface (QPI) and Quad SPI organized as 131.072 words of 8 bits. Both read and write operations can occur

randomly in memory without delay between writes. The MR10Q010 uses a Write Protect signal routed to the RST pin on the mikroBUS™ to prevent write operations to the Status Register, while the HOLD signal routed to the INT pin on the mikroBUS™ is used to interrupt a memory operation for another task. When HOLD is low, the current operation is suspended. This Click Board™ is designed to be operated only with a 3.3V logic level. A proper logic voltage level conversion should be performed before the Click board™ is used with MCUs with different logic levels. More information about the MR10Q010 can be found in the attached datasheet. Also, this Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

MRAM 2 Click top side image
MRAM 2 Click bottom side image

Features overview

Development board

Fusion for ARM v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different ARM® Cortex®-M based MCUs regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over WiFi. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, Fusion for ARM v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any

circumstances at any time. Each part of the Fusion for ARM v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector.

Communication options such as USB-UART, USB HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. Fusion for ARM v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Fusion for ARM v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M4

MCU Memory (KB)

1024

Silicon Vendor

Texas Instruments

Pin count

128

RAM (Bytes)

262144

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
QUAD SPI IO2 / Write Protect
PK3
RST
SPI Chip Select
PH0
CS
SPI Clock
PQ0
SCK
QUAD SPI IO1 / SPI Data OUT
PQ3
MISO
QUAD SPI I0 / SPI Data IN
PQ2
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
QUAD SPI IO3 / Data Transfer Pause
PQ4
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

MRAM 2 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Fusion for ARM v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for MRAM 2 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • mram2_wren - Write Enable function

  • mram2_read - Read Data Bytes function

  • mram2_write - Write Data Bytes function

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * \file 
 * \brief Mram2 Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of MRAM 2 Click board.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * Initializes the driver, sets the write protect and disables the hold signal.
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 * Writes "MikroE" into the first 6 memory locations, and then reads it back 
 * and displays it to the USB UART approximately every 5 seconds.
 * 
 * \author MikroE Team
 *
 */
// ------------------------------------------------------------------- INCLUDES

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "mram2.h"

// ------------------------------------------------------------------ VARIABLES

static mram2_t mram2;
static log_t logger;

char val_in[ 7 ] = { 'M', 'i', 'k', 'r', 'o', 'E', 0 };
char val_out[ 7 ] = { 0 };

// ------------------------------------------------------ APPLICATION FUNCTIONS

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    mram2_cfg_t cfg;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, "---- Application Init ----" );

    //  Click initialization.

    mram2_cfg_setup( &cfg );
    MRAM2_MAP_MIKROBUS( cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    mram2_init( &mram2, &cfg );

    log_printf( &logger, "------------------- \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "   MRAM 2 Click     \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "------------------- \r\n" );
    mram2_write_protect( &mram2, MRAM2_WP_ENABLE );
    mram2_hold( &mram2, MRAM2_HLD_DISABLE );
    log_printf( &logger, "   Initialized      \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "------------------- \r\n" );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
    mram2_wren( &mram2 );
    log_printf( &logger, "Write enabled!\r\n" );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
    log_printf( &logger, "Writing \"%s\" to memory...\r\n", val_in );
    mram2_write( &mram2, 0x000000, &val_in[ 0 ], 6 );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
    mram2_wrdi ( &mram2 );
    log_printf( &logger, "Write disabled!\r\n" );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
    mram2_read ( &mram2, 0x000000, &val_out[ 0 ], 6 );
    log_printf( &logger, "Read data : %s\r\n", val_out );
    
    log_printf( &logger, "-------------------\r\n" );
    Delay_ms( 5000 );
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources