Beginner
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Achieve reliable RF communication for diverse applications with cc2500 and PIC18F45K40

2.4GHz transceiver capable of various modulation schemes like OOK, 2-FSK, GFSK, and MSK

ccRF Click with EasyPIC v7a

Published May 27, 2023

Click board™

ccRF Click

Development board

EasyPIC v7a

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18F45K40

Develop a tiny radio station for things like remote control, home appliances, or other gadgets that need to send or receive information wirelessly

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

ccRF Click is based on the CC2500, a low-power, high-performance 2.4GHz transceiver from Texas Instruments, operating in the worldwide ISM frequency band from 2400MHz to 2483.5. The CC2500 has excellent receiver selectivity and blocking performance with an embedded packet handler engine suitable for packet-oriented systems. It also has a highly configurable baseband modem that supports various modulation formats (OOK, 2-FSK, GFSK, and MSK) and user-configurable parameters like frequency channel, output power, and air data rate. The transceiver has a programmable data rate from 1.2 to 500kBaud depending on frequency range over a PCB trace 2.4GHz antenna, making the ccRF Click

suitable for ultra-low power designs. The CC2500 has a built-in state machine that switches between different operation states (modes) to achieve optimum performance for many applications. Change of the states is performed using command strobes or internal events such as TX FIFO underflow. These states take care of Sleep, Idle, Active, Receive or Transmit modes, Wake-on-Radio (WOR), and more. In addition, the CC2500 comes with on-chip support for synchronization word detection, address check, flexible packet length, and automatic CRC handling. The ccRF Click uses an SPI serial interface to communicate with the host MCU. There are two pins in addition, the GD0 and GD2, routed where the RST and PWM pins of

the mikroBUS™ socket stand by default. With the GD2 as a digital output pin, the user can get test signals, FIFO status, clear channel indicator, serial output RX data, and more. The GD0 as a digital output pin can be used to get the same data as the GD2, plus it can provide serial input TX data. This Click board™ can only be operated with a 3.3V logic voltage level. The board must perform appropriate logic voltage level conversion before using MCUs with different logic levels. However, the Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

ccRF Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

EasyPIC v7a is the seventh generation of PIC development boards specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of 8-bit PIC microcontrollers from Microchip and has a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over USB-C. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements in one place, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others. With four different connectors for each port, EasyPIC v7a allows you to connect accessory boards, sensors, and custom electronics more efficiently than ever. Each part of the EasyPIC v7a development board

contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module, which offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment, the board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use various external power sources, including an external 12V power supply, 7-23V AC or 9-32V DC via DC connector/screw terminals, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector. Communication options such as USB-UART and RS-232 are also included, alongside the well-

established mikroBUS™ standard, three display options (7-segment, graphical, and character-based LCD), and several different DIP sockets. These sockets cover a wide range of 8-bit PIC MCUs, from PIC10F, PIC12F, PIC16F, PIC16Enh, PIC18F, PIC18FJ, and PIC18FK families. EasyPIC v7a is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

EasyPIC v7a double side image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

PIC18F45K40

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

32

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

40

RAM (Bytes)

2048

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
General Purpose I/O
RE1
RST
SPI Chip Select
RE0
CS
SPI Clock
RC3
SCK
SPI Data OUT
RC4
MISO
SPI Data IN
RC5
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
General Purpose I/O
RC0
PWM
NC
NC
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

ccRF Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

EasyPIC v7a front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the EasyPIC v7a as your development board.

EasyPIC v7a front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
MCU DIP 40 hardware assembly
EasyPIC v7a MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto DIP image step 7 hardware assembly
EasyPIC PRO v7a Display Selection Necto Step hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for ccRF Click driver.

Key functions:

  • ccrf_writeBytes - Sequential ( burst ) write function.

  • ccrf_readBytes - Sequential ( burst ) read function.

  • ccrf_defaultConfiguration - Default configuration function.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * \file 
 * \brief ccRF Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of an ccRF click board by showing
 * the communication between the two click boards configured as a receiver and transmitter.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and logger, performs the click default configuration and 
 * displays the selected application mode.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Depending on the selected mode, it reads all the received data or sends the desired message
 * every 2 seconds.
 * 
 * \author MikroE Team
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "ccrf.h"

// Comment out the line below in order to switch the application mode to receiver
#define DEMO_APP_TRANSMITTER

// Text message to send in the transmitter application mode
#define DEMO_TEXT_MESSAGE           "MIKROE - ccRF click board\0"

static ccrf_t ccrf;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    ccrf_cfg_t cfg;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    ccrf_cfg_setup( &cfg );
    CCRF_MAP_MIKROBUS( cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    ccrf_init( &ccrf, &cfg );

    ccrf_default_cfg( &ccrf );
    
#ifdef DEMO_APP_TRANSMITTER
    log_printf( &logger, " Application Mode: Transmitter\r\n" );
#else
    log_printf( &logger, " Application Mode: Receiver\r\n" );
#endif
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
#ifdef DEMO_APP_TRANSMITTER
    ccrf_transmit_packet( &ccrf, DEMO_TEXT_MESSAGE, strlen( DEMO_TEXT_MESSAGE ) );
    log_printf( &logger, " The message \"%s\" has been sent!\r\n", ( char * ) DEMO_TEXT_MESSAGE );
    Delay_ms( 2000 );
#else
    uint8_t data_buf[ 64 ] = { 0 };
    uint8_t data_len = sizeof( data_buf );
    if ( CCRF_CRC_OK == ccrf_receive_packet( &ccrf, data_buf, &data_len ) )
    {
        log_printf( &logger, " A new message has received: \"" );
        for ( uint16_t cnt = 0; cnt < data_len; cnt++ )
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "%c", data_buf[ cnt ] );
        }
        log_printf( &logger, "\"\r\n" );
    }
#endif
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}


// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources