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Stay cozy and secure with MAX7502 and PIC18F4455

Safety that never sleeps

Thermostat Click with EasyPIC v7a

Published Nov 01, 2023

Click board™

Thermostat Click

Development board

EasyPIC v7a

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18F4455

Our thermostat goes beyond comfort – it safeguards your home by providing overtemperature alarm and shutdown capabilities for added peace of mind.

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Thermostat Click is based on the MAX7502, a digital temperature sensor and thermal watchdog with bus lockup protection from Analog Devices. The MAX7502 measures temperature in a range of -25 up to 100°C, within the accuracy of ±1.5°C, and provides an overtemperature alarm/interrupt/shutdown output. Temperature measurements are converted to digital form using a high-precision sigma-delta ADC. Besides the temperature readings, you can set the overtemperature alarm threshold and configure other characteristics. The Temperature Click uses the overtemperature shutdown output (OS) to control the G6D relay, taking into account the set threshold. The ON LED is a visual presentation of the state of the relay. Omron’s G6D PCB relay is

very durable and allows over 300.000 operations with a 2A load at 250VAC or 30VDC. It is an SPST relay, in which the coil is powered by a 5V power rail of the mikroBUS™ socket. To control the output of the MAX7502, thus the relay itself, as a switch, the Thermostat Click uses the SN74LVC1G126, a single bus buffer gate with 3-state output from Texas Instruments. With a simple logic state, you can turn on or off the output pin of the temperature sensor, no matter the set threshold. This way, the relay can be permanently disconnected from the sensor IC output. A feature like this can be useful when the sensor IC is only used as a measuring device or if the thermostat needs to be temporarily disabled. Thermostat Click uses a standard 2-Wire I2C

interface to communicate with the host MCU with a clock frequency of up to 400KHz. The sensor employs four standard I2C protocols: write byte, read byte, send byte, and receive byte. You can set the I2C address over the ADDR SEL, with 0 set by default. The temperature sensor can be reset over the RST pin, while the TE pin can be used to enable the thermostat circuitry. This Click board™ can operate with either 3.3V or 5V logic voltage levels selected via the DATA LEVEL jumper. This way, both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs can use the communication lines properly. Also, this Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

Thermostat Click top side image
Thermostat Click bottom side image

Features overview

Development board

EasyPIC v7a is the seventh generation of PIC development boards specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of 8-bit PIC microcontrollers from Microchip and has a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over USB-C. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements in one place, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others. With four different connectors for each port, EasyPIC v7a allows you to connect accessory boards, sensors, and custom electronics more efficiently than ever. Each part of the EasyPIC v7a development board

contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module, which offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment, the board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use various external power sources, including an external 12V power supply, 7-23V AC or 9-32V DC via DC connector/screw terminals, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector. Communication options such as USB-UART and RS-232 are also included, alongside the well-

established mikroBUS™ standard, three display options (7-segment, graphical, and character-based LCD), and several different DIP sockets. These sockets cover a wide range of 8-bit PIC MCUs, from PIC10F, PIC12F, PIC16F, PIC16Enh, PIC18F, PIC18FJ, and PIC18FK families. EasyPIC v7a is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

EasyPIC v7a double side image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

PIC18F4455

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

24

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

40

RAM (Bytes)

2048

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
Reset
RE1
RST
Thermostat Enable
RE0
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
NC
NC
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
I2C Clock
RC3
SCL
I2C Data
RC4
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
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Take a closer look

Schematic

Thermostat Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

EasyPIC v7a front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the EasyPIC v7a as your development board.

EasyPIC v7a front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
MCU DIP 40 hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
EasyPIC v7a Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto DIP image step 7 hardware assembly
EasyPIC PRO v7a Display Selection Necto Step hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Thermostat Click driver.

Key functions:

  • thermostat_read_data - Generic read 16-bit data function.

  • thermostat_get_temperature - Get temperature in degrees Celsius.

  • thermostat_set_configuration - Set configuration function.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * \file 
 * \brief Thermostat Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * This application regulates value of temperature.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * Initialization driver enable's - I2C, soft reset sesnor, set default configuration and start write log.
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 * This is a example which demonstrates the use of Thermostat Click board.
 * 
 * 
 * \author MikroE Team
 *
 */
// ------------------------------------------------------------------- INCLUDES

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "thermostat.h"


static thermostat_t thermostat;
static log_t logger;


void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    thermostat_cfg_t cfg;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, "---- Application Init ----" );

    //  Click initialization.

    thermostat_cfg_setup( &cfg );
    THERMOSTAT_MAP_MIKROBUS( cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    thermostat_init( &thermostat, &cfg );

    thermostat_soft_reset( &thermostat );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
    log_printf( &logger, "     Configuration    \r\n");

    thermostat_set_configuration( &thermostat, THERMOSTAT_DEFAULT_CONFIG );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
    log_printf( &logger, "----------------------\r\n" );
}

void application_task ( void )
{

    float temperature;
    float limit_max = 25.0;
    float limit_min = 15.0;

    temperature = thermostat_get_temperature( &thermostat );

    log_printf( &logger, " Temperature : %.2f \r\n", temperature );

    if ( ( temperature < limit_max ) && ( temperature > limit_min ) )
    { 
        thermostat_switch_on(  &thermostat  );
    }
    else
    {   
        thermostat_switch_off(  &thermostat  );
        log_printf( &logger, "----------------------\r\n" );
    }
    Delay_ms( 2000 );
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}


// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources