Beginner
10 min

Embrace a smarter way to stay cozy and informed with TMP114 and PIC18LF47K40

Reinvent temperature monitoring for a new era!

Thermo 27 Click with EasyPIC v7

Published Nov 11, 2023

Click board™

Thermo 27 Click

Development board

EasyPIC v7

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18LF47K40

Our temperature measurement solution is your path to an elevated comfort level by providing precise, real-time insights into your environment. Enjoy tailored comfort, energy efficiency, and peace of mind like never before.

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Thermo 27 Click is based on the TMP114, a digital output temperature sensor from Texas Instruments with increased reliability and improved accuracy specifications optimal for thermal management and protection applications. The TMP114 consists of an internal thermal BJT (factory calibrated on a NIST traceable setup), a high-resolution analog-to-digital converter (ADC), a data processing circuit, and serial interface logic functions in one package. The voltage is digitized and converted to a 16-bit temperature result in degrees Celsius, giving a fully calibrated digital output with outstanding accuracy of up to ±0.3°C and temperature resolution of 0.0078 °C, typical over a temperature

range of -10°C to 85°C. The TMP114 possesses two operational modes: Continuous-Conversion (CC) and Shutdown Mode, designed for thermal management and protection applications. In the CC mode, ADC performs continuous temperature conversions and stores each result in the temperature register, overwriting the result from the previous conversion, while the Shutdown mode reduces power consumption in the TMP114 when continuous temperature monitoring is not required. This Click board™ communicates with an MCU using the standard I2C 2-Wire interface to read data and configure settings, supporting a high clock frequency operation. The TMP114 also includes an alert status register with

individual high and low thresholds along with adjustable hysteresis values., which indicate via the I2C interface when a specific interrupt event occurs that depends on the value of the temperature reading relative to programmable limits. This Click board™ can be operated only with a 3.3V logic voltage level, while the onboard LDO, the AP7331, ensures that the recommended voltage level powers the TMP114. The board must perform appropriate logic voltage level conversion before using MCUs with different logic levels. However, the Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

Thermo 27 Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

EasyPIC v7 is the seventh generation of PIC development boards specially designed to develop embedded applications rapidly. It supports a wide range of 8-bit PIC microcontrollers from Microchip and has a broad set of unique functions, such as a powerful onboard mikroProg programmer and In-Circuit debugger over USB-B. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements in one place, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others. With four different connectors for each port, EasyPIC v7 allows you to connect accessory boards, sensors, and custom electronics more efficiently than ever. Each part of

the EasyPIC v7 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An integrated mikroProg, a fast USB 2.0 programmer with mikroICD hardware In-Circuit Debugger, offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides it also includes a clean and regulated power supply block for the development board. It can use various external power sources, including an external 12V power supply, 7-23V AC or 9-32V DC via DC connector/screw terminals, and a power source via the USB Type-B (USB-B) connector. Communication options such as

USB-UART and RS-232 are also included, alongside the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, three display options (7-segment, graphical, and character-based LCD), and several different DIP sockets. These sockets cover a wide range of 8-bit PIC MCUs, from PIC10F, PIC12F, PIC16F, PIC16Enh, PIC18F, PIC18FJ, and PIC18FK families. EasyPIC v7 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

EasyPIC v7 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

PIC18LF47K40

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

128

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

40

RAM (Bytes)

3728

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
NC
NC
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
I2C Clock
RC3
SCL
I2C Data
RC4
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
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Take a closer look

Schematic

Thermo 27 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

EasyPIC v7 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the EasyPIC v7 as your development board.

EasyPIC v7 front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
MCU DIP 40 hardware assembly
EasyPIC v7 MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto DIP image step 7 hardware assembly
EasyPIC PRO v7a Display Selection Necto Step hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Thermo 27 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • thermo27_write_register - Thermo 27 register writing function.

  • thermo27_get_device_id - Thermo 27 get device id function.

  • thermo27_read_temp - Thermo 27 get read temperature function.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief Thermo 27 Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of Thermo 27 Click board by reading and displaying
 * the temperature measurements.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and reads the device id, and after that resets the device and 
 * performs default configuration.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Reads the temperature measurement in degrees Celsius and displays the results on the USB UART
 * at a rate of once per second.
 *
 * @author Stefan Ilic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "thermo27.h"

static thermo27_t thermo27;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void ) 
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    thermo27_cfg_t thermo27_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    thermo27_cfg_setup( &thermo27_cfg );
    THERMO27_MAP_MIKROBUS( thermo27_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( I2C_MASTER_ERROR == thermo27_init( &thermo27, &thermo27_cfg ) ) 
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    uint16_t device_id;
    thermo27_get_device_id( &thermo27, &device_id );
    if ( THERMO27_DEVICE_ID != device_id )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication error." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    if ( THERMO27_ERROR == thermo27_default_cfg( &thermo27 ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
   
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
    log_printf( &logger, " ======================= \r\n");
}

void application_task ( void ) 
{
    float temperature;
    uint8_t status;
    
    thermo27_get_alert_reg( &thermo27, &status );
    if ( THERMO27_DATA_READY_FLAG & status )
    {
        thermo27_read_temp( &thermo27, &temperature );
        log_printf( &logger, " Temperature: %f degC \r\n", temperature );
        log_printf( &logger, " ======================= \r\n");
    }
}

void main ( void ) 
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) 
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources