Intermediate
30 min
0

Step down the input voltage with MP9943A and PIC32MZ2048EFH100 to achieve the desired output level

Power down, boost efficiency

Buck 9 Click with Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ

Published Jul 31, 2023

Click board™

Buck 9 Click

Development board

Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC32MZ2048EFH100

Say goodbye to wasteful energy consumption and embrace a greener, smarter future!

A

A

Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Buck 9 Click is based on the MP9943, a high-efficiency 3A peak, 36V, synchronous step-down converter with Power Good from Monolithic Power Systems (MPS). The MP9943 utilizes a peak-current-mode control architecture, ensuring an exceptional transient response and stabilization of the feedback loop. Besides its protection features, MP9943 is also equipped with a soft-start function and a sync option, making this Click board™ a handy solution for developing applications that require a regulated power supply. The feedback voltage on the FB pin of the converter determines the output voltage, and thanks to a voltage divider and an SMD jumper labeled VOUT SEL, which can connect one of two available voltage divider resistors, it allows the output to be set to either 3.3V or 5V. The MP9943 has other advanced features, including synchronization with the external clock from 200kHz to 2.2MHz over the EN/SYNC pin routed to the mikroBUS™ ESY (default PWM) pin. The same pin is also used

as a Chip Enable for the device. The MP9943 operates at a high (fixed) switching frequency of 410kHz, allowing a good compromise between the efficiency and the size of the external components. Thanks to its ability to work with the high-duty cycle of the internal switching PWM signal, the MP9943 requires the input voltage to be only about 0.7V above the output voltage to maintain the regulation. However, the device cannot operate properly if the input voltage drops under 3.3V. Therefore, the under-voltage protection shuts down the device as a protection measure. The under-voltage protection is disabled once the input voltage exceeds 3.5V. This small hysteresis of 0.2V prevents erratic behavior in border cases. Therefore, the supply at the input terminal should stay between 4V and 36V. However, if the output voltage is set to 5V, the voltage at the input should be approximately 5.8V to 6V at least to provide good regulation at the output. The over-current protection is based on cycle-by-cycle limiting

of the inductor current. If the output voltage drops during the current limiting interval, causing the FB voltage to fall under 84% of the internal reference, the device enters the hiccup mode, shutting down the output. After a fixed period, the device will try to re-enable the output. If the short-circuit condition still exists, it will shut down the output again, repeating the whole process until the short-circuit condition disappears. The hiccup mode greatly reduces the short-circuit current, protecting the device when the output is shorted to ground. This Click board™ can be operated only with a 3.3V logic voltage level. The board must perform appropriate logic voltage level conversion before using MCUs with different logic levels. Also, this Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

Buck 9 Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ is a compact starter development board that brings the flexibility of add-on Click boards™ to your favorite microcontroller, making it a perfect starter kit for implementing your ideas. It comes with an onboard 32-bit PIC32MZ microcontroller from Microchip, two mikroBUS™ sockets for Click board™ connectivity, a USB connector, LED indicators, buttons, a mikroProg programmer connector, and two 26-pin headers for interfacing with external electronics. Its compact design with clear and easily recognizable silkscreen markings allows you to build gadgets with unique functionalities and features quickly.

Each part of the Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ development kit contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the possibility of choosing the Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ programming method, using a USB HID mikroBootloader or an external mikroProg connector for PIC, dsPIC, PIC32, the Clicker 2 board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development kit. It provides two ways of board-powering; through the USB Micro-B cable, where onboard voltage regulators provide the appropriate voltage levels to each component on the board,

or using a Li-Polymer battery via an onboard battery connector. All communication methods that mikroBUS™ itself supports are on this board, including the well-established mikroBUS™ socket, reset button, and several user-configurable buttons and LED indicators. Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem, allowing you to create a new application in minutes. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ dimensions image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Architecture

PIC32

MCU Memory (KB)

2048

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

100

RAM (Bytes)

524288

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
Device Enable
RB2
PWM
NC
NC
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Buck 9 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ as your development board.

Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
Prog-cut hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
Micro B Connector Clicker 2 Access - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
Necto image step 5 hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Flip&Click PIC32MZ MCU step hardware assembly
Necto No Display image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Debug Image Necto Step hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After loading the code example, pressing the "DEBUG" button builds and programs it on the selected setup.

Application Output Step 1

After programming is completed, a header with buttons for various actions available in the IDE appears. By clicking the green "PLAY "button, we start reading the results achieved with Click board™.

Application Output Step 3

Upon completion of programming, the Application Output tab is automatically opened, where the achieved result can be read. In case of an inability to perform the Debug function, check if a proper connection between the MCU used by the setup and the CODEGRIP programmer has been established. A detailed explanation of the CODEGRIP-board connection can be found in the CODEGRIP User Manual. Please find it in the RESOURCES section.

Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Buck 9 Click driver

Key functions:

  • buck9_set_device_mode - This function enables and disables output of this board

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief Buck 9 Click Example.
 *
 * # Description
 * Demo application shows basic usage of Buck 9 click.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * Configuring clicks and log objects.
 * Settings the click in the default configuration.
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 * Enable and Disable device every 5 seconds.
 *
 * @author Stefan Ilic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "buck9.h"

static buck9_t buck9;   /**< Buck 9 Click driver object. */
static log_t logger;    /**< Logger object. */

void application_init ( void ) {
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    buck9_cfg_t buck9_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.

    buck9_cfg_setup( &buck9_cfg );
    BUCK9_MAP_MIKROBUS( buck9_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( buck9_init( &buck9, &buck9_cfg ) == DIGITAL_OUT_UNSUPPORTED_PIN ) {
        log_error( &logger, " Application Init Error. " );
        log_info( &logger, " Please, run program again... " );

        for ( ; ; );
    }
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
}

void application_task ( void ) {
    buck9_set_device_mode ( &buck9, BUCK9_DEVICE_ENABLE );
    log_printf(&logger, "Output:\t ENABLED\r\n");
    Delay_ms( 5000 );
    buck9_set_device_mode ( &buck9, BUCK9_DEVICE_DISABLE );
    log_printf(&logger, "Output:\t DISABLED\r\n");
    Delay_ms( 5000 );
}

void main ( void ) {
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources