Intermediate
30 min

Power up audio with MAX9744 and STM32F302VC and amplify your experience

Hear the music like never before!

2x20W Amp Click with UNI Clicker

Published Jun 08, 2023

Click board™

2x20W Amp Click

Development board

UNI Clicker

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

STM32F302VC

Set a new standard for quality with a powerful and reliable audio amplifier

A

A

Hardware Overview

How does it work?

2x20W Amp Click is based on the MAX9744, a stereo class D audio power amplifier from Analog Devices. This click brings the Class AB sound performance with Class D efficiency, representing the perfect combination for your speakers. 2x20W Amp Click also offers 64-step volume control, single-supply operation, adjustable gain, and industry-leading click-and-pop suppression. Class-D amplifiers produce a series of square-shaped pulses of fixed amplitude but varying duty cycles, representing the amplitude variations of the analog signal. The output of the modulator is used to gate the output transistors on and off alternately. The high efficiency of a Class D amplifier is due to the switching operation of the output stage transistors. Since the transistors are either fully ON or fully OFF, they spend a small amount of time in the linear region and consume little power. In a Class D amplifier,

the output transistors act as current steering switches and don't use much additional power. A low-pass filter made of an inductor and a capacitor is used to produce a path for the low-frequencies of the audio signal (leaving the high-frequency pulses behind). When the output current exceeds the current limit, 5.5A (typ), the MAX9744 disables the outputs and initiates a 220µs startup sequence. The shutdown and startup sequence is repeated until the output fault is removed. When the die temperature exceeds the thermal-shutdown threshold, the MAX9744 outputs are disabled. The MAX9744 features a shutdown mode that reduces power consumption and extends battery life. Driving SHDN pin low places the device in low-power shutdown mode. Connect the SHDN pin to digital high for normal operation. The Click features volume control operation using an analog voltage input or

the I2C interface for maximum flexibility. To set the device to analog mode, connect ADDR1 and ADDR2 to GND. In analog mode, SDA/VOL pin is an analog input for volume control. The analog input range is ratiometric between 0.9 x VDD and 0.1 x VDD, where 0.9 x VDD = full mute and 0.1 x VDD = full volume. Use ADDR1 and ADDR2 to select I2C mode. Three addresses can be chosen, allowing multiple devices on a single bus. In the I2C mode, the volume is controlled by choosing the speaker volume control register in the command byte. There are 64 volume settings, where the lowest setting is full mute. The board logic is powered by the 3.3V supply over the mikroBUS™ socket, while the amplifier circuit is powered by the onboard 5V power supply or an external source that can go from 4.5V to 14V. The jumper JP1 must be positioned in the EXT position to use an external power source.

2x20W Amp Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

UNI Clicker is a compact development board designed as a complete solution that brings the flexibility of add-on Click boards™ to your favorite microcontroller, making it a perfect starter kit for implementing your ideas. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different ARM, PIC32, dsPIC, PIC, and AVR from various vendors like Microchip, ST, NXP, and TI (regardless of their number of pins), four mikroBUS™ sockets for Click board™ connectivity, a USB connector, LED indicators, buttons, a debugger/programmer connector, and two 26-pin headers for interfacing with external electronics. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, it allows you to build

gadgets with unique functionalities and features quickly. Each part of the UNI Clicker development kit contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the possibility of choosing the UNI Clicker programming method, using a third-party programmer or CODEGRIP/mikroProg connected to onboard JTAG/SWD header, the UNI Clicker board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development kit. It provides two ways of board-powering; through the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector, where onboard voltage regulators provide the appropriate voltage levels to each component on the board, or using a Li-Po/Li

Ion battery via an onboard battery connector. All communication methods that mikroBUS™ itself supports are on this board (plus USB HOST/DEVICE), including the well-established mikroBUS™ socket, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and several user-configurable buttons and LED indicators. UNI Clicker is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem, allowing you to create a new application in minutes. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

UNI clicker double image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M4

MCU Memory (KB)

256

Silicon Vendor

STMicroelectronics

Pin count

100

RAM (Bytes)

40960

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
Shutdown
PC13
RST
Mute
PE8
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
I2C Address Selection
PF9
PWM
I2C Address Selection
PE13
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
I2C Serial Clock
PA9
SCL
I2C Serial Data
PA10
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

2x20W Amp Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

UNI Clicker front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the UNI Clicker as your development board.

UNI Clicker front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for STM32F745VG front image hardware assembly
Prog-cut hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
UNI Clicker Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
Necto image step 5 hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto No Display image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Debug Image Necto Step hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After loading the code example, pressing the "DEBUG" button builds and programs it on the selected setup.

Application Output Step 1

After programming is completed, a header with buttons for various actions available in the IDE appears. By clicking the green "PLAY "button, we start reading the results achieved with Click board™.

Application Output Step 3

Upon completion of programming, the Application Output tab is automatically opened, where the achieved result can be read. In case of an inability to perform the Debug function, check if a proper connection between the MCU used by the setup and the CODEGRIP programmer has been established. A detailed explanation of the CODEGRIP-board connection can be found in the CODEGRIP User Manual. Please find it in the RESOURCES section.

Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for 2x20W Amp Click driver.

Key functions:

  • c2x20wamp_mode_play - Set Play mode of the amplifier function

  • c2x20wamp_set_volume - Set volume of the amplifier function

  • c2x20wamp_mode_mute - Set Mute mode of the amplifier function

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * \file 
 * \brief c2x20WAmp Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * This application changes the volume level.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * Initialization driver enable's - I2C,
 * start write log and enable amplifire of 2x20W Amp Click board.
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 * This is a example which demonstrates the use of 2x20W Amp Click board.
 * This examples first activates operation mode PLAY and set volume lvl 32,
 * after that, we increase the volume level one level ten times for 5 seconds
 * and  we decrease the volume level one level ten times for 5 seconds.
 * And finally, we set MUTE mode for next 5 seconds.
 * Results are being sent to the Usart Terminal 
 * where you can track their changes.
 * 
 * \author MikroE Team
 *
 */
// ------------------------------------------------------------------- INCLUDES

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "c2x20wamp.h"

// ------------------------------------------------------------------ VARIABLES

static c2x20wamp_t c2x20wamp;
static log_t logger;

// ------------------------------------------------------ APPLICATION FUNCTIONS

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    c2x20wamp_cfg_t cfg;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, "---- Application Init ----" );

    //  Click initialization.

    c2x20wamp_cfg_setup( &cfg );
    C2X20WAMP_MAP_MIKROBUS( cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    c2x20wamp_init( &c2x20wamp, &cfg );

    Delay_ms( 100 );

    log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "    2x20W Amp Click    \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );
    c2x20wamp_enable( &c2x20wamp );
    log_printf( &logger,"    Enable  Amplifier   \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );

    Delay_ms( 200 );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
    log_printf( &logger, "       PLAY MODE       \r\n" );
    c2x20wamp_mode_play( &c2x20wamp );
    Delay_ms( 200 );

    uint8_t volume = 32;

    log_printf( &logger, "  Set Volume lvl : %u  \r\n", (uint16_t)volume );
    log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );
    c2x20wamp_set_volume( &c2x20wamp, volume );

    log_printf( &logger, "- - - - - - - - - - - -\r\n" );

    Delay_ms( 5000 );

    for ( uint8_t cnt = 0; cnt < 10; cnt++ )
    {
        log_printf( &logger, "       Volume Up       \r\n" );

        c2x20wamp_volume_up( &c2x20wamp );

        Delay_ms( 100 );
    }

    log_printf( &logger, "- - - - - - - - - - - -\r\n" );

    Delay_ms( 5000 );

    for ( uint8_t cnt = 0; cnt < 10; cnt++ )
    {
        log_printf( &logger, "       Volume Down       \r\n" );

        c2x20wamp_volume_down( &c2x20wamp );

        Delay_ms( 100 );
    }

    log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );

    Delay_ms( 5000 );

    log_printf( &logger, "       MUTE MODE       \r\n" );

    c2x20wamp_mode_mute( &c2x20wamp );

    log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );

    Delay_ms( 5000 );
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}


// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources