Beginner
10 min

Experience the ideal temperature in your surroundings with TMP126 and PIC18LF47K42

Transform your temperature monitoring approach!

Thermo 29 Click with EasyPIC v8

Published Nov 11, 2023

Click board™

Thermo 29 Click

Dev Board

EasyPIC v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18LF47K42

We prioritize your well-being by delivering reliable temperature data to help you create a healthier and more cost-effective environment.

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Thermo 29 Click is based on the TMP126, a digital output temperature sensor from Texas Instruments with increased reliability and improved accuracy specifications optimal for thermal management and protection applications. The TMP126 consists of an internal thermal BJT (factory calibrated on a NIST traceable setup), a high-resolution analog-to-digital converter (ADC), a data processing circuit, and serial interface logic functions in one package. The voltage is digitized and converted to a 14-bit temperature result in degrees Celsius, giving a fully calibrated digital output with outstanding accuracy of up to ±0.25°C and temperature resolution of 0.03125°C per LSB, typical over a temperature range of 20°C to 30°C. This Click

board™ communicates with MCU using a 3-wire SPI-compatible interface with a maximum frequency of 10MHz for data transfer and configuration of the TMP126. Using the Mode bit in the configuration register, the TMP126 can operate in various conversion modes, including continuous, one-shot, and shutdown modes. These modes provide flexibility to use the board in the most power-efficient way necessary for the intended application. The TMP126 also includes advanced features for increased reliability in harsh environments. These include an optional CRC checksum for data integrity, programmable alert limits, a temperature slew rate warning, and an enhanced operating temperature range. An alarm (interrupt) signal, marked as ALR and routed to

the interrupt pin of the mikroBUS™ socket, is alarming when a specific temperature event occurs that depends on the value of the temperature reading relative to programmable limits. In addition to the ALR pin, this function can be visually identified by a red LED marked as ALERT. This Click board™ can operate with either 3.3V or 5V logic voltage levels selected via the VCC SEL jumper. This way, both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs can use the communication lines properly. Also, this Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

Thermo 29 Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

EasyPIC v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports many high pin count 8-bit PIC microcontrollers from Microchip, regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, EasyPIC v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any

circumstances at any time. Each part of the EasyPIC v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module, which offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment, the board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector.

Communication options such as USB-UART, USB DEVICE, and CAN are also included, including the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, two display options (graphical and character-based LCD), and several different DIP sockets. These sockets cover a wide range of 8-bit PIC MCUs, from the smallest PIC MCU devices with only eight up to forty pins. EasyPIC v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

EasyPIC v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

PIC18LF47K42

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

128

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

40

RAM (Bytes)

8192

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
SPI Chip Select
RE0
CS
SPI Clock
RC3
SCK
SPI Data OUT
RC4
MISO
SPI Data IN
RC5
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
Alert Interrupt
RB0
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Thermo 29 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

EasyPIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the EasyPIC v8 as your development board.

EasyPIC v8 front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
MCU DIP 40 hardware assembly
EasyPIC v8 DIP MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto DIP image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Thermo 29 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • thermo29_read_unique_id - This function reads the device unique ID words (6 bytes in total).

  • thermo29_get_alert_pin - This function returns the alert pin logic state.

  • thermo29_read_temperature - This function reads the temperature measurement in degrees Celsius.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief Thermo 29 Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of Thermo 29 click board by reading and displaying
 * the temperature measurements.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and logger, and performs the click default configuration which enables
 * continuous conversion and sets the conversion rate to 1 Hz with a data ready flag enabled on
 * the alert pin. After that, reads and displays the device 48-bit unique ID.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Waits for the data ready alert flag, then reads the temperature measurement in Celsius
 * and displays the results on the USB UART approximately once per second.
 *
 * @author Stefan Filipovic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "thermo29.h"

static thermo29_t thermo29;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    thermo29_cfg_t thermo29_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    thermo29_cfg_setup( &thermo29_cfg );
    THERMO29_MAP_MIKROBUS( thermo29_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( SPI_MASTER_ERROR == thermo29_init( &thermo29, &thermo29_cfg ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    if ( THERMO29_ERROR == thermo29_default_cfg ( &thermo29 ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    uint16_t unique_id[ 3 ];
    if ( THERMO29_OK == thermo29_read_unique_id ( &thermo29, unique_id ) )
    {
        log_printf ( &logger, " Device Unique ID: 0x%.2X%.2X%.2X\r\n", 
                     unique_id[ 0 ], unique_id[ 1 ], unique_id[ 2 ] );
    }
    
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
    float temperature;
    // Wait for the data ready alert flag
    while ( thermo29_get_alert_pin ( &thermo29 ) );
    
    if ( ( THERMO29_OK == thermo29_clear_alert_status ( &thermo29 ) ) && 
         ( THERMO29_OK == thermo29_read_temperature ( &thermo29, &temperature ) ) )
    {
        log_printf ( &logger, " Temperature: %.2f degC\r\n\n", temperature );
    }
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources