Intermediate
30 min
0

Monitor your heart rate with OB1203 and PIC18F2682

Your heart, your engine!

Heart Rate 11 Click with EasyPIC v7

Published Dec 29, 2023

Click board™

Heart Rate 11 Click

Development board

EasyPIC v7

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18F2682

Determine your heart rate and oxygen saturation in the simplest possible way

A

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Heart Rate 11 Click is based on the OB1203, a fully integrated all-in-one biosensor module that measures heart rate and blood oxygen levels from Renesas. The OB1203 combines all light sources, drivers, and sensor elements, in a single optically optimized package. It can be used with just one side of a user's finger because it uses the space-conserving reflective PPG method. The appropriate algorithm can determine human heart rate, respiration rate, and heart rate variability (a measure of stress) or blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) behind IR transmissive but visibly dark ink, allowing implementation in aesthetic industrial designs.

The biosensor module contains different photodiodes for light (R, G, B, and Clear channels), proximity measurements, photoplethysmography, and temperature compensation of the light sensor. Those diodes are arranged in a matrix array, while the single diode for PS/PPG measurement is below the matrix. The photodiode current is converted to digital values by an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) and then forwarded via a serial interface for further processing. The OB1203 communicates with MCU using the standard I2C 2-Wire interface with a maximum clock frequency of 400kHz, fully adjustable through software registers.

Also, it uses an interrupt pin, the INT pin of the mikroBUS™ socket, indicating when a specific interrupt event occurs, such as light, proximity, or photoplethysmography threshold crossed. This Click board™ can only be operated with a 3.3V logic voltage level. The board must perform appropriate logic voltage level conversion before using MCUs with different logic levels. However, the Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

Heart Rate 11 Click top side image
Heart Rate 11 Click lateral side image
Heart Rate 11 Click bottom side image

Features overview

Development board

EasyPIC v7 is the seventh generation of PIC development boards specially designed to develop embedded applications rapidly. It supports a wide range of 8-bit PIC microcontrollers from Microchip and has a broad set of unique functions, such as a powerful onboard mikroProg programmer and In-Circuit debugger over USB-B. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements in one place, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others. With four different connectors for each port, EasyPIC v7 allows you to connect accessory boards, sensors, and custom electronics more efficiently than ever. Each part of

the EasyPIC v7 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An integrated mikroProg, a fast USB 2.0 programmer with mikroICD hardware In-Circuit Debugger, offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides it also includes a clean and regulated power supply block for the development board. It can use various external power sources, including an external 12V power supply, 7-23V AC or 9-32V DC via DC connector/screw terminals, and a power source via the USB Type-B (USB-B) connector. Communication options such as

USB-UART and RS-232 are also included, alongside the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, three display options (7-segment, graphical, and character-based LCD), and several different DIP sockets. These sockets cover a wide range of 8-bit PIC MCUs, from PIC10F, PIC12F, PIC16F, PIC16Enh, PIC18F, PIC18FJ, and PIC18FK families. EasyPIC v7 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

EasyPIC v7 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

80

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

28

RAM (Bytes)

3328

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
Interrupt
RB1
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
I2C Clock
RC3
SCL
I2C Data
RC4
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
2

Take a closer look

Schematic

Heart Rate 11 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

EasyPIC v7 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the EasyPIC v7 as your development board.

EasyPIC v7 front image hardware assembly
Rotary B 2 Click front image hardware assembly
MCU DIP 28 hardware assembly
EasyPIC v7 MB 2 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto DIP image step 7 hardware assembly
EasyPIC PRO v7a Display Selection Necto Step hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Heart Rate 11 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • heartrate11_get_int_pin This function returns the INT pin logic state.

  • heartrate11_set_led_current This function sets the maximal current of the selected LED.

  • heartrate11_read_fifo This function reads a 24-bit data from the FIFO.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief HeartRate11 Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of Heart Rate 11 click board by reading and displaying
 * the PPG1 (HR) values which can be visualized on the SerialPlot application.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and performs the click default configuration for heart rate measurement.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Waits for the data ready interrupt, then reads the values of PPG from FIFO and displays it on the
 * USB UART (SerialPlot) every 32ms approximately.
 *
 * @note
 * We recommend using the SerialPlot tool for data visualizing.
 *
 * @author Stefan Filipovic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "heartrate11.h"

static heartrate11_t heartrate11;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void ) 
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    heartrate11_cfg_t heartrate11_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    heartrate11_cfg_setup( &heartrate11_cfg );
    HEARTRATE11_MAP_MIKROBUS( heartrate11_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( I2C_MASTER_ERROR == heartrate11_init( &heartrate11, &heartrate11_cfg ) ) 
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    if ( HEARTRATE11_ERROR == heartrate11_default_cfg ( &heartrate11 ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
}

void application_task ( void ) 
{
    // Wait for the data ready interrupt indication
    while ( heartrate11_get_int_pin ( &heartrate11 ) );
    
    uint32_t ppg;
    if ( HEARTRATE11_OK == heartrate11_read_fifo ( &heartrate11, &ppg ) )
    {
        log_printf ( &logger, "%lu\r\n", ppg );
    }
}

void main ( void ) 
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) 
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources