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Experience the magic of precise motor control with DRV8143 and PIC24FV32KA304

Spin to win: The key to unlocking smooth and responsive motor movements

DC Motor 27 Click with EasyPIC v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33

Published Nov 01, 2023

Click board™

DC Motor 27 Click

Development board

EasyPIC v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC24FV32KA304

Our brushed DC motor driver puts you in command, ensuring your motors dance to your tune with precision and reliability.

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

DC Motor 27 Click is based on the DRV8143, an automotive half-bridge driver with integrated current sense and diagnostic from Texas Instruments. The driver integrates an N-channel half-bridge charge pump regulator, high-side current sensing with regulation, current proportional output, and protection circuitry. It offers configurable current regulation, slew rate, spread spectrum clocking for low EMI, PWM frequency operation up to 125KHz with automatic dead time assertion, and more. The integrated current sense eliminates the need for a shunt resistor, and the driver supports a wide range of

output currents for various types of motors and loads. The device operates from a single power supply input (VM) available on the output terminal. The DC Motor 27 Click offers a VM SEL jumper that allows you to choose the power supply input from the external over the VEXT terminal and a 5V from the power rail of the mikroBUS™ socket. The EXT is set by default, so you should apply the appropriate voltage on the VEXT terminal. DC Motor 27 Click uses a static pulse-width modulated (PWM) voltage signal to communicate with the host MCU, supporting either 100% or PWM drive modes. By resetting the

driver over the RST pin, you also turn OFF a controller input for bridge Hi-Z. You can always monitor the load current over the IP pin as an analog output of the driver. The driver uses the FLT pin to inform the host MCU of faults caused by load, overvoltage, and under-voltage on the VM pin. This Click board™ can operate with either 3.3V or 5V logic voltage levels selected via the VCC SEL jumper. This way, both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs can use the communication lines properly. Also, this Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used for further development.

DC Motor 27 Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

EasyPIC v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of 16-bit PIC24/dsPIC33 microcontrollers from Microchip and has a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, EasyPIC v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any circumstances. Each part of the EasyPIC

v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module, which offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment, the board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector. Communication options such as USB HOST/DEVICE, USB-UART, CAN, and LIN are also

included, including the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, two display options (graphical and character-based LCD), and several different DIP sockets. These sockets cover a wide range of 16-bit PIC24/dsPIC33 MCUs, from the smallest PIC24/dsPIC33 MCUs with only 14 up to 28 pins. EasyPIC v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

EasyPIC v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Architecture

dsPIC

MCU Memory (KB)

32

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

44

RAM (Bytes)

2048

You complete me!

Accessories

DC Gear Motor - 430RPM (3-6V) represents an all-in-one combination of a motor and gearbox, where the addition of gear leads to a reduction of motor speed while increasing the torque output. This gear motor has a spur gearbox, making it a highly reliable solution for applications with lower torque and speed requirements. The most critical parameters for gear motors are speed, torque, and efficiency, which are, in this case, 520RPM with no load and 430RPM at maximum efficiency, alongside a current of 60mA and a torque of 50g.cm. Rated for a 3-6V operational voltage range and clockwise/counterclockwise rotation direction, this motor represents an excellent solution for many functions initially performed by brushed DC motors in robotics, medical equipment, electric door locks, and much more.

 DC Motor 27 Click accessories image

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

Load Current Sensing Output
RA0
AN
Reset
RB4
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
PWM Control
RB13
PWM
Fault Indicator
RB7
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

DC Motor 27 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

EasyPIC v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the EasyPIC v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33 as your development board.

EasyPIC v8 for PIC24/dsPIC33 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
MCU DIP 28 hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
EasyPIC PIC24/dsPIC33 v8 Access DIP MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto DIP image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for DC Motor 27 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • dcmotor27_set_duty_cycle - DC Motor 27 sets PWM duty cycle.

  • dcmotor27_get_flt_pin - DC Motor 27 get flt pin state.

  • dcmotor27_set_coast - DC Motor 27 set coast mode funtion.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief DC Motor 27 Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of the DC Motor 27 Click board by driving 
 * the motor at different speeds, enabling brake and coast modes.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and performs the click default configuration.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Controls the motor speed by changing the PWM duty cycle every second, 
 * places the motor into coast or braking mode.
 *
 * @author Stefan Ilic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "dcmotor27.h"

static dcmotor27_t dcmotor27;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void ) 
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    dcmotor27_cfg_t dcmotor27_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    dcmotor27_cfg_setup( &dcmotor27_cfg );
    DCMOTOR27_MAP_MIKROBUS( dcmotor27_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( PWM_ERROR == dcmotor27_init( &dcmotor27, &dcmotor27_cfg ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    if ( DCMOTOR27_ERROR == dcmotor27_default_cfg ( &dcmotor27 ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
}

void application_task ( void ) 
{
    for ( uint8_t speed_cnt = 10; speed_cnt <= 100; speed_cnt += 10 )
    {
        float speed = ( float ) speed_cnt / 100;
        dcmotor27_set_duty_cycle( &dcmotor27, speed );
        log_printf( &logger, " Motor speed %d%% \r\n", ( uint16_t ) speed_cnt );
        Delay_ms( 1000 );
    }
    
    log_printf( &logger, " Motor coasting \r\n" );
    dcmotor27_set_coast( &dcmotor27, DCMOTOR27_SET_COAST_ON );
    Delay_ms( 2000 );
    dcmotor27_set_coast( &dcmotor27, DCMOTOR27_SET_COAST_OFF );
    
    for ( uint8_t speed_cnt = 10; speed_cnt <= 100; speed_cnt += 10 )
    {
        float speed = ( float ) speed_cnt / 100;
        dcmotor27_set_duty_cycle( &dcmotor27, speed );
        log_printf( &logger, " Motor speed %d%% \r\n", ( uint16_t ) speed_cnt );
        Delay_ms( 1000 );
    }
    
    log_printf( &logger, " Motor brake is on \r\n" );
    dcmotor27_pwm_stop( &dcmotor27 );
    Delay_ms( 2000 );
    dcmotor27_pwm_start( &dcmotor27 );
}

void main ( void )  
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) 
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources