30 min

Monitor and signal temperature changes with TMP144 and dsPIC33EP512MU810

Master of temperature observation

Thermo 23 Click with Clicker 2 for dsPIC33

Published Mar 11, 2023

Click board™

Thermo 23 Click

Development board

Clicker 2 for dsPIC33


NECTO Studio



Digital temperature sensor with highly accurate and reliable results



Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Thermo 23 Click is based on the TMP144, a digital temperature sensor that is optimal for thermal management and profiling applications from Texas Instruments. This temperature sensor is characterized by high accuracy; a temperature range of -10°C to +100°C provides typical ±0.5°C accuracy. The temperature sensing device for the TMP144 is the chip itself. A bipolar junction transistor inside the chip is used in a band-gap configuration to produce a voltage proportional to the chip temperature. The voltage is digitized and converted to a 12-bit temperature result in degrees Celsius, with a resolution of 0.0625°C. The TMP144 possesses several operational modes: Continuous-Conversion mode (CC), Shutdown, One-shot mode, and Extended Temperature mode, which increases the temperature-measurement range from -40°C to +120°C. In the CC mode, ADC performs continuous temperature conversions

and stores each result to the temperature register, overwriting the result from the previous conversion, while Shutdown modes reduce power consumption in the TMP75C when continuous temperature monitoring is not required, typically less than 0.5μA. Also, while the TMP144 is in Shutdown mode, it can perform a one-shot temperature measurement and return to the Shutdown state after the single conversion. Thermo 23 Click communicates with MCU using the UART interface with commonly used UART RX and TX pins as its communication protocol operating at 115200bps by default configuration to transmit and exchange data with the host MCU. This interface can also be seen as both UART and SMAART Wire™ interface, supporting daisy-chain configurations. Besides, the interface also supports Multiple Device Access (MDA) commands that let the host communicate with multiple devices on the bus simultaneously.

This sensor's special and equally important feature is its software interrupt, a temperature alert function that monitors the device temperature and compares the result to the values stored in the temperature limit registers to determine if the device temperature is within these set limits. The TMP144 only issues future interrupts once the user-writes sets the interrupt enable bit in the configuration register to re-enable future interrupts. This Click board™ can only be operated with a 3.3V logic voltage level. The board must perform appropriate logic voltage level conversion before using MCUs with different logic levels. However, the Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

Thermo 23 Click top side image
Thermo 23 Click lateral side image
Thermo 23 Click bottom side image

Features overview

Development board

Clicker 2 for dsPIC33 is a compact starter development board that brings the flexibility of add-on Click boards™ to your favorite microcontroller, making it a perfect starter kit for implementing your ideas. It comes with an onboard 16-bit dsPIC33E family microcontroller, the dsPIC33EP512MU810 from Microchip, two mikroBUS™ sockets for Click board™ connectivity, a USB connector, LED indicators, buttons, a mikroProg programmer connector, and two 26-pin headers for interfacing with external electronics. Its compact design with clear and easily recognizable silkscreen markings allows you to build gadgets with unique

functionalities and features quickly. Each part of the Clicker 2 for dsPIC33 development kit contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the possibility of choosing the Clicker 2 for dsPIC33 programming method, using a USB HID mikroBootloader or an external mikroProg connector for dsPIC33 programmer, the Clicker 2 board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development kit. It provides two ways of board-powering; through the USB Micro-B cable, where onboard voltage regulators provide the appropriate voltage levels to each

component on the board, or using a Li-Polymer battery via an onboard battery connector. All communication methods that mikroBUS™ itself supports are on this board, including the well-established mikroBUS™ socket, reset button, and several user-configurable buttons and LED indicators. Clicker 2 for dsPIC33 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem, allowing you to create a new application in minutes. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Clicker 2 for dsPIC33 dimensions image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU




MCU Memory (KB)


Silicon Vendor


Pin count


RAM (Bytes)


Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

Power Supply

Take a closer look


Thermo 23 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Clicker 2 for dsPIC33 as your development board.

Clicker 2 for PIC32MZ front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
Prog-cut hardware assembly
Micro B Connector Clicker 2 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
Necto image step 5 hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Flip&Click PIC32MZ MCU step hardware assembly
Necto No Display image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Debug Image Necto Step hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After loading the code example, pressing the "DEBUG" button builds and programs it on the selected setup.

Application Output Step 1

After programming is completed, a header with buttons for various actions available in the IDE appears. By clicking the green "PLAY "button, we start reading the results achieved with Click board™.

Application Output Step 3

Upon completion of programming, the Application Output tab is automatically opened, where the achieved result can be read. In case of an inability to perform the Debug function, check if a proper connection between the MCU used by the setup and the CODEGRIP programmer has been established. A detailed explanation of the CODEGRIP-board connection can be found in the CODEGRIP User Manual. Please find it in the RESOURCES section.

Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Thermo 23 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • thermo23_set_config This function sets the configuration register.

  • thermo23_read_temperature This function reads the temperature value in Celsius.

  • thermo23_read_command This function reads data from the selected command by using UART serial interface.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

 * @file main.c
 * @brief Thermo 23 Click Example.
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of Thermo 23 click board by reading and displaying
 * the temperature measurements.
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and logger, and performs the click default configuration which enables
 * continuous conversion and sets the conversion rate to 1 Hz.
 * ## Application Task
 * Reads the temperature measurement in Celsius and displays the results on the USB UART
 * approximately once per second.
 * @author Stefan Filipovic

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "thermo23.h"

static thermo23_t thermo23;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void ) 
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    thermo23_cfg_t thermo23_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    thermo23_cfg_setup( &thermo23_cfg );
    THERMO23_MAP_MIKROBUS( thermo23_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( UART_ERROR == thermo23_init( &thermo23, &thermo23_cfg ) ) 
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    if ( THERMO23_ERROR == thermo23_default_cfg ( &thermo23 ) )
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );

void application_task ( void ) 
    float temperature;
    if ( THERMO23_OK == thermo23_read_temperature ( &thermo23, &temperature ) ) 
        log_printf( &logger, " Temperature : %.2f C\r\n\n", temperature );
        Delay_ms ( 1000 );

void main ( void ) 
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) 
        application_task( );

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support