Intermediate
30 min
0

Monitor and regulate the performance of various hardware components with LM96080 and STM32F429ZI

Your system's guardian

HW Monitor Click with Fusion for STM32 v8

Published Jun 02, 2023

Click board™

HW Monitor Click

Development board

Fusion for STM32 v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

STM32F429ZI

Ensure the stability and performance of your embedded solutions

A

A

Hardware Overview

How does it work?

HW Monitor Click is based on the LM96080, a system hardware monitor from Texas Instruments that performs power supply, temperature, and fan monitoring for various embedded systems. The LM96080 provides seven analog inputs spread across the terminals on the top of the board labeled from IN0 to IN6, a temperature sensor, a delta-sigma ADC, two fan speed counters, watchdog registers, and a variety of inputs and outputs on a single chip. It continuously converts analog inputs to 10-bit resolution with a 2.5mV LSB, yielding input ranges of 0 to 2.56V. The analog inputs are intended to be connected to the several power supplies present in a typical communications infrastructure system. This Click board™ communicates with MCU using the standard I2C 2-Wire interface to read data and configure settings with a maximum frequency of 400kHz. The LM96080 includes an analog filter on the I2C lines that improves noise immunity and supports the timeout reset function on SDA and SCL pins, preventing I2C bus lockup. Also, the LM96080 allows choosing the least significant bits (LSB) of its I2C slave address using the SMD jumpers labeled ADDR SEL. The LM96080 is especially suited to interface with linear and digital temperature sensors such as LM73, LM75, LM56, LM57,

LM26, LM27, LM26LV, or other LM96080 via the BTI pin on one of the unpopulated headers. Temperature can be converted to a 9-bit or 12-bit two's complement word with resolutions of 0.5°C or 0.0625°C LSB, respectively. On the same header, in addition to the BTI pin, there is also a GPI pin, which, in addition to its function as a general-purpose input pin, can also serve as a chassis intrusion detection input. The chassis intrusion input is designed to accept an active high signal from an external circuit that latches, such as when the cover is removed from the computer. Next in this board's series of additional features are the fan inputs, labeled FAN1 and FAN2, that can be programmed to accept either fan failure indicator programmed to be active high or active low or tachometer signals. Fan inputs measure the period of tachometer pulses from the fans, providing a higher count for lower fan speeds. The full-scale fan counts are 255 (8-bit counter), representing a stopped or slow fan. Based on a count of 153, nominal speeds are programmable from 1100 to 8800 RPM. Signal conditioning circuitry is also included to accommodate the slow rise and fall times. The last header contains functions such as an external interrupt input INT IN, a master reset for external purposes RST OUT,

and a single power switch pin GPO. The INT IN active low interrupt provides a way to chain the interrupts from other devices through the LM96080 to the host, the RST_OUT is intended to provide a master reset to devices connected to this line, while the GPO pin is an active low NMOS open drain output intended to drive an external power PMOS for software power control or can be utilized to control power to a cooling fan. The LM96080 also possesses a general reset signal routed on the RST pin of the mikroBUS™ socket to reset the LM96080, and an additional interrupt signal, routed on the INT pin of the mikroBUS™ socket whenever some of the external interrupts like INT_OUT, interrupt from the temperature sensor, or when a chassis detection event occurs. This Click board™ can operate with either 3.3V or 5V logic voltage levels selected via the VCC SEL jumper. This way, both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs can use the communication lines properly. However, the Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used, as a reference, for further development.

HW Monitor Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

Fusion for STM32 v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different 32-bit ARM® Cortex®-M based MCUs from STMicroelectronics, regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over WiFi. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, Fusion for STM32 v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing

access anywhere and under any circumstances at any time. Each part of the Fusion for STM32 v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector.

Communication options such as USB-UART, USB HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. Fusion for STM32 v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Fusion for STM32 v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M4

MCU Memory (KB)

2048

Silicon Vendor

STMicroelectronics

Pin count

144

RAM (Bytes)

262144

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
Reset
PE11
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
Interrupt
PD3
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
I2C Clock
PB8
SCL
I2C Data
PB9
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

HW Monitor Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Fusion for STM32 v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for HW Monitor Click driver.

Key functions:

  • hwmonitor_get_analog_inputs HW Monitor gets analog inputs voltage function.

  • hwmonitor_get_temperature HW Monitor gets temperature function.

  • hwmonitor_set_config HW Monitor set the configuration function.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief HW Monitor Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of the HW Monitor Click board™.
 * The demo application monitors analog voltage inputs and local temperature data.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * The initialization of the I2C module, log UART and additional pins.
 * After the driver init, the app executes a default configuration.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * This example displays the Analog Voltage Inputs (IN0-IN6) [mV] 
 * and Temperature [degree Celsius] data.
 * Results are being sent to the UART Terminal, where you can track their changes.
 *
 * @author Nenad Filipovic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "hwmonitor.h"

static hwmonitor_t hwmonitor;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void ) 
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    hwmonitor_cfg_t hwmonitor_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    hwmonitor_cfg_setup( &hwmonitor_cfg );
    HWMONITOR_MAP_MIKROBUS( hwmonitor_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( I2C_MASTER_ERROR == hwmonitor_init( &hwmonitor, &hwmonitor_cfg ) ) 
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    if ( HWMONITOR_ERROR == hwmonitor_default_cfg ( &hwmonitor ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
    log_printf( &logger, "--------------------------\r\n" );
    Delay_ms( 1000 );
}

void application_task ( void ) 
{
    static float temperature, voltage;
    for ( uint8_t in_pos = 0; in_pos < 7; in_pos++ )
    {
        if ( HWMONITOR_OK == hwmonitor_get_analog_inputs( &hwmonitor, in_pos, &voltage ) )
        {
            log_printf( &logger, "IN %d: %.1f mV\r\n", ( uint16_t ) in_pos, voltage );
            Delay_ms( 100 );
        }
    }
    log_printf( &logger, "- - - - - - - - - - - - - -\r\n" );
    if ( HWMONITOR_OK == hwmonitor_get_temperature ( &hwmonitor, &temperature ) )
    {
        log_printf( &logger, " Temperature: %.3f [deg c]\r\n", temperature );
        Delay_ms( 100 );
    }
    log_printf( &logger, "--------------------------\r\n" );
    Delay_ms( 1000 );
}

void main ( void ) 
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) 
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources