Intermediate
30 min

Manage numerous analog signals with MAX14661 and PIC32MZ1024EFK144

One path, many destinations

MUX 5 Click with Fusion for PIC v8

Published Aug 21, 2023

Click board™

MUX 5 Click

Development board

Fusion for PIC v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC32MZ1024EFK144

Streamline the connection of multiple analog signals onto a single transmission path, enhancing efficiency and reducing complexity in data transmission

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

MUX 5 Click is based on the MAX14661, a serially controlled, dual-channel analog multiplexer from Analog Devices. It allows any 16 pins to be connected to any common pins, routed to the AN or INT pins of the mikroBUS™ socket, simultaneously in any combination. The MAX14661 features Beyond-the-Rails™ capability, which mainly simplifies an analog design by eliminating the need for multiple power rails and allows ±5.5V signals to be passed with any supply configuration. It integrates bias circuitry to switch high-voltage (±25V) signals while operating from a low-voltage supply with low on-resistance and fast bandwidth speeds. This Click board™ is ideal for

audio and data multiplexing, interface termination, switching, industrial measurement, and instrumentation systems. The MAX14661 allows for the use of both I2C and SPI interfaces. Both modes provide individual control of each independent switch so that any combination of switches can be applied. The selection can be made by positioning SMD jumpers labeled as COMM SEL in an appropriate position. Note that all the jumpers' positions must be on the same side, or the Click board™ may become unresponsive. While the I2C interface is selected, the MAX14661 allows choosing the least significant bit (LSB) of its I2C slave address using the SMD jumper labeled

ADDR SEL. This Click board™ also possesses an additional active-low shutdown pin, routed to the RST pin on the mikroBUS™ socket. When this pin is set to a low logic state, all registers are cleared, all switches are open, and the serial interface is not functional. This Click board™ can operate with either 3.3V or 5V logic voltage levels selected via the VCC SEL jumper. This way, both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs can use the communication lines properly. Also, this Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used, as a reference, for further development.

MUX 5 Click top side image
MUX 5 Click bottom side image

Features overview

Development board

Fusion for PIC v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different PIC, dsPIC, PIC24, and PIC32 MCUs regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over WiFi. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, Fusion for PIC v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any

circumstances at any time. Each part of the Fusion for PIC v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module, which offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment, the board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector. Communication options such as USB-UART, USB

HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet are also included, including the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options (graphical and character-based LCD). Fusion for PIC v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Fusion for PIC v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

PIC32

MCU Memory (KB)

1024

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

144

RAM (Bytes)

262144

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

B Channel Common Signal
PB11
AN
Shutdown
PH2
RST
SPI Chip Select
PH3
CS
SPI Clock
PD1
SCK
SPI Data OUT
PG8
MISO
SPI Data IN
PG7
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
A Channel Common Signal
PD0
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
I2C Clcok
PA2
SCL
I2C Data
PA3
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

MUX 5 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Fusion for PIC v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for MUX 5 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • mux5_i2c_write_register - This function writes a desired data to the selected register by using I2C serial interface

  • mux5_i2c_read_register - This function reads data from the selected register by using I2C serial interface

  • mux5_set_channels_state - This function sets a desired @b ch_state of the channels selected with @b ch_mask

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief MUX 5 Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of MUX 5 click board by mapping the common connection
 * A and B to different channels every 5 seconds.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and performs the click default configuration.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Maps the common connection A and B to different channels every 5 seconds, and displays
 * the channels state on the USB UART.
 *
 * @author Stefan Filipovic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "mux5.h"

static mux5_t mux5;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    mux5_cfg_t mux5_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    mux5_cfg_setup( &mux5_cfg );
    MUX5_MAP_MIKROBUS( mux5_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( MUX5_OK != mux5_init( &mux5, &mux5_cfg ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    if ( MUX5_OK != mux5_default_cfg ( &mux5 ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
    static uint8_t ch_num = 0;
    if ( MUX5_OK == mux5_set_channels_state ( &mux5, MUX5_CHANNEL_ALL, MUX5_CHANNEL_STATE_HIGH_Z ) )
    {
        log_printf ( &logger, " All channels disconnected\r\n" );
    }
    Delay_ms ( 1000 );
    if ( MUX5_OK == mux5_set_channels_state ( &mux5, MUX5_CHANNEL_1 << ch_num, MUX5_CHANNEL_STATE_COM_A ) )
    {
        log_printf ( &logger, " Channel %u connected to COM_A\r\n", ( uint16_t ) ( ch_num + 1 ) );
    }
    if ( MUX5_OK == mux5_set_channels_state ( &mux5, MUX5_CHANNEL_16 >> ch_num, MUX5_CHANNEL_STATE_COM_B ) )
    {
        log_printf ( &logger, " Channel %u connected to COM_B\r\n\n", ( uint16_t ) ( 16 - ch_num ) );
    }
    if ( ++ch_num >= 16 )
    {
        ch_num = 0;
    }
    Delay_ms ( 4000 );
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources