Beginner
10 min

Convert frequency input into voltage output with exceptional accuracy using VFC32KU and TM4C1299KCZAD

Transforming waves into voltage: The future of signal analysis

Hz To V 2 Click with UNI Clicker

Published Dec 09, 2023

Click board™

Hz To V 2 Click

Dev Board

UNI Clicker

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

TM4C1299KCZAD

Translate frequency data into voltage signals, setting a new standard for signal analysis and control

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Hz to V 2 Click is based on the VFC32KU, a voltage-to-frequency and frequency-to-voltage converter from Texas Instruments. It accepts a signal with the frequency within a range between 200Hz and 120kHz on the input and generates DC voltage with the level corresponding to the input frequency, ranging from 0V to 10V, with a highly linear response. The output DC voltage level is further scaled down by the voltage divider on the VFC32KU output, in order to achieve levels acceptable by the MCU. This makes the DC voltage output suitable for sampling, or further processing by the host MCU. The input signal within the specified frequency range can be applied to either the PWM pin of the mikroBUS™ labeled as FIN on this Click board™ or to the external signal input terminal labeled as FEXT. This signal is AC coupled by a 1nF capacitor, meaning

that no DC component will be affecting the connected source. The signal input source can be selected by the onboard switch, labeled as INPUT SEL. A DC voltage output ranging up to 3.3V is available both on the AN pin of the mikroBUS™ labeled as the VO, and the output terminal - labeled as the VOUT on this Click board™. An onboard high-precision OFFSET potentiometer is used to fine-tune the output of the Click board™. It can be calibrated by using the offset potentiometer, by introducing a signal of a known frequency to either FEXT input terminal or the PWM input pin. An offset trimming procedure should be executed before the first use of the Click board™, since even slight variations in the components tolerances could affect the value at the output. It is recommended to correct the offset after longer time intervals, to compensate

for the aging of the passive components on the Click board™. The VFC32KU IC requires a dual power supply with ±15V. Therefore, this Click board™ utilizes another IC in order to provide the required voltages. It uses the TPS65131, a positive and negative output DC/DC Converter IC, also from Texas Instruments. This DC/DC converter has already been used in Boost-INV 2 click, so it was tested "on the field" for this purpose. Providing well-stabilized output with the plenty of power headroom, it is a perfect solution for the HZ to V 2 click, also. To enable the conversion circuitry, the EN pin of the TPS65131 boost converter should be pulled to a HIGH logic level. This will activate the boost converter and provide the required power for the VFC32KU IC. This pin is routed to the mikroBUS™ CS pin and it is labeled as EN.

Hz To V 2 Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

UNI Clicker is a compact development board designed as a complete solution that brings the flexibility of add-on Click boards™ to your favorite microcontroller, making it a perfect starter kit for implementing your ideas. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different ARM, PIC32, dsPIC, PIC, and AVR from various vendors like Microchip, ST, NXP, and TI (regardless of their number of pins), four mikroBUS™ sockets for Click board™ connectivity, a USB connector, LED indicators, buttons, a debugger/programmer connector, and two 26-pin headers for interfacing with external electronics. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, it allows you to build

gadgets with unique functionalities and features quickly. Each part of the UNI Clicker development kit contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the possibility of choosing the UNI Clicker programming method, using a third-party programmer or CODEGRIP/mikroProg connected to onboard JTAG/SWD header, the UNI Clicker board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development kit. It provides two ways of board-powering; through the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector, where onboard voltage regulators provide the appropriate voltage levels to each component on the board, or using a Li-Po/Li

Ion battery via an onboard battery connector. All communication methods that mikroBUS™ itself supports are on this board (plus USB HOST/DEVICE), including the well-established mikroBUS™ socket, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and several user-configurable buttons and LED indicators. UNI Clicker is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem, allowing you to create a new application in minutes. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

UNI clicker double image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M4

MCU Memory (KB)

512

Silicon Vendor

Texas Instruments

Pin count

212

RAM (Bytes)

262144

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

Analog Output
PE3
AN
NC
NC
RST
Boost Regulator Enable
PE7
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
Frequency Input
PD0
PWM
NC
NC
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Hz To V 2 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

UNI Clicker front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the UNI Clicker as your development board.

UNI Clicker front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for STM32F745VG front image hardware assembly
Prog-cut hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
UNI Clicker Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
Necto image step 5 hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto No Display image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Debug Image Necto Step hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After loading the code example, pressing the "DEBUG" button builds and programs it on the selected setup.

Application Output Step 1

After programming is completed, a header with buttons for various actions available in the IDE appears. By clicking the green "PLAY "button, we start reading the results achieved with Click board™.

Application Output Step 3

Upon completion of programming, the Application Output tab is automatically opened, where the achieved result can be read. In case of an inability to perform the Debug function, check if a proper connection between the MCU used by the setup and the CODEGRIP programmer has been established. A detailed explanation of the CODEGRIP-board connection can be found in the CODEGRIP User Manual. Please find it in the RESOURCES section.

Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Hz To V 2 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • hztov2_en_pin - This function enable the click board

  • hztov2_read_voltage - This function read ADC data and converts it to voltage

  • hztov2_fin_set - This function sets PWM clock frequency at FIN pin.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * \file 
 * \brief HzToV2 Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * This app converts input frequency to a DC voltage output.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * This function initializes and configures the logger and the click board.
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 * Sets the PWM frequency then reads the voltage from VO pin and logs all data on USB UART.
 * 
 * ## NOTE
 * In order to set PWM frequency below 1 kHz, the user will probably need to lower the main MCU clock frequency.
 *
 * \author MikroE Team
 *
 */
// ------------------------------------------------------------------- INCLUDES

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "hztov2.h"

// ------------------------------------------------------------------ VARIABLES

static hztov2_t hztov2;
static log_t logger;
static float voltage;
static uint32_t fin;

// ------------------------------------------------------ APPLICATION FUNCTIONS

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    hztov2_cfg_t cfg;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, "---- Application Init ----" );

    //  Click initialization.

    hztov2_cfg_setup( &cfg );
    HZTOV2_MAP_MIKROBUS( cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    hztov2_init( &hztov2, &cfg );
    hztov2_en_pin( &hztov2, 1 );
    
    fin = 10000;
    
    Delay_ms( 100 );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
    if ( fin > 120000 )
        fin = 10000;
    hztov2_fin_set( &hztov2, fin );
    log_printf( &logger, "Frequency: %lu Hz \r\n", fin );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
    
    voltage = hztov2_read_voltage( &hztov2 );
    log_printf( &logger, "Voltage: %.2f V \r\n", voltage );
    
    fin += 10000;
    Delay_ms( 2000 );
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources