Intermediate
30 min
0

Create a reliable and innovative current limiting solution with MAX890L and PIC18LF2585

Redefining safety and efficiency: The future of current limiting

Current Limit Click with EasyPIC v7

Published Dec 29, 2023

Click board™

Current Limit Click

Development board

EasyPIC v7

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18LF2585

Our current limiting solution is engineered to transform control mechanisms, ensuring that current is managed effectively to optimize performance, protect equipment, and enhance safety

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Current Limit Click is based on the MAX890L, a high-side low-resistance P-channel switch with an adjustable, accurate, current limit system and thermal shutdown from Analog Devices. The MAX890L limits the output current to a programmed level. When the output current is increased beyond the programmed current limit (1.2A), the current increases through the internal replica amplifier and the resistance applied to the SET pin. The current-limit error amplifier compares the voltage across the SET pin resistance to the internal +1.24V reference and regulates the current back to the lesser of the programmed limit (1.2A). This switch is not bidirectional, which means the input voltage must be higher than the output voltage. The current-limit switch is virtually

ubiquitous in system control and provides a safe means for regulating the current delivered to a load circuit. It increases the load current to a programmed limit but no higher. Typically, the current limit is a function of the voltage across an external resistor, and this voltage serves as the reference for an internal current-limiting amplifier. Replacing the resistor with a digital potentiometer allows you to program the current limit as performed on this Click board™. For this purpose, the digital potentiometer MAX5401 from Analog Devices that communicates with the MCU via a 3-wire SPI serial interface is used to set the resistance on the SET pin of the MAX890L and thus adjust the current limit for the switch. The MAX890L provides an open-drain fault output

with a red LED, labeled FAULT, to indicate when the current reaches its limit or when the temperature exceeds +135°C. Besides the fault-indicator pin, the MAX890L also has an active-low Switch-On pin labeled ON pin of the mikroBUS™ socket used to enable and turn the switch on. This Click board™ is designed to operate with 3.3V and 5V logic voltage levels that can be selected via the VCC SEL jumper. Additionally, there is a possibility in this selection that as a source of logical voltage level, a voltage from an external input terminal in the range from 2.7 to 5.5V can be used. In this way, using a logic voltage level from mikroBUS™ or an external voltage supply allows both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs to use the SPI communication lines properly.

Current Limit Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

EasyPIC v7 is the seventh generation of PIC development boards specially designed to develop embedded applications rapidly. It supports a wide range of 8-bit PIC microcontrollers from Microchip and has a broad set of unique functions, such as a powerful onboard mikroProg programmer and In-Circuit debugger over USB-B. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements in one place, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others. With four different connectors for each port, EasyPIC v7 allows you to connect accessory boards, sensors, and custom electronics more efficiently than ever. Each part of

the EasyPIC v7 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An integrated mikroProg, a fast USB 2.0 programmer with mikroICD hardware In-Circuit Debugger, offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides it also includes a clean and regulated power supply block for the development board. It can use various external power sources, including an external 12V power supply, 7-23V AC or 9-32V DC via DC connector/screw terminals, and a power source via the USB Type-B (USB-B) connector. Communication options such as

USB-UART and RS-232 are also included, alongside the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, three display options (7-segment, graphical, and character-based LCD), and several different DIP sockets. These sockets cover a wide range of 8-bit PIC MCUs, from PIC10F, PIC12F, PIC16F, PIC16Enh, PIC18F, PIC18FJ, and PIC18FK families. EasyPIC v7 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

EasyPIC v7 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

48

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

28

RAM (Bytes)

3328

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

Switch Enable
RA3
AN
NC
NC
RST
SPI Chip Select
RA5
CS
SPI Clock
RC3
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
SPI Data IN
RC5
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
NC
NC
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
2

Take a closer look

Schematic

Current Limit Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

EasyPIC v7 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the EasyPIC v7 as your development board.

EasyPIC v7 front image hardware assembly
LTE IoT 5 Click front image hardware assembly
MCU DIP 28 hardware assembly
LTE IoT 5 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
EasyPIC v7 Access MB 2 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto DIP image step 7 hardware assembly
EasyPIC PRO v7a Display Selection Necto Step hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Current Limit Click driver.

Key functions:

  • currentlimit_dev_enable - Device enable function

  • currentlimit_set_limit - Set Current With Predefined Values Limit function

  • currentlimit_set_limit_calc - Set Calculated Current Limit function

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief CurrentLimit Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This example shows capabilities of Current Limit Click board.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initalizes SPI driver and enables the device.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Reading users input from USART terminal and using it as an index for
 * an array of pre-calculated values that define current limit level.
 *
 *
 * @author Stefan Ilic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "currentlimit.h"

static currentlimit_t currentlimit;
static log_t logger;

const uint8_t lim_val[ 8 ] = { 223, 241, 247, 250, 252, 253, 254, 255 };
uint16_t lim_data[8] = { 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 867 };

void display_settings ( void ) {
    log_printf( &logger, "- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " To select current limit \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " Send one of the numbers \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " 1 - Limited to 100 mA \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " 2 - Limited to 200 mA \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " 3 - Limited to 300 mA \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " 4 - Limited to 400 mA \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " 5 - Limited to 500 mA \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " 6 - Limited to 600 mA \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " 7 - Limited to 700 mA \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, " 8 - Limited to 867 mA \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - \r\n" );
}

void application_init ( void ) {
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    currentlimit_cfg_t currentlimit_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.

    currentlimit_cfg_setup( &currentlimit_cfg );
    CURRENTLIMIT_MAP_MIKROBUS( currentlimit_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    err_t init_flag  = currentlimit_init( &currentlimit, &currentlimit_cfg );
    if ( SPI_MASTER_ERROR == init_flag ) {
        log_error( &logger, " Application Init Error. " );
        log_info( &logger, " Please, run program again... " );

        for ( ; ; );
    }

    currentlimit_dev_enable( &currentlimit, CURRENTLIMIT_ENABLE );
    log_printf( &logger, "    Click  Enabled!    \r\n" );
    log_printf( &logger, "-----------------------\r\n" );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
    display_settings( );
}

void application_task ( void ) {
    char inx;
    if ( log_read( &logger, &inx, 1 ) != CURRENTLIMIT_ERROR ) {
        if ( inx >= '1' && inx <= '8' ) {
            currentlimit_set_limit( &currentlimit, lim_val[ inx - 49 ] );
            log_printf( &logger, " Selected mode %d, \r\n Current limit is %d mA \r\n", ( uint16_t ) inx - 48, lim_data[ inx - 49 ] );
            log_printf( &logger, "- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - \r\n" );
        } else { 
            log_printf( &logger, "- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - \r\n" );
            log_printf( &logger, " Data not in range! \r\n" );
            log_printf( &logger, "- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - \r\n" );
            display_settings( );
        }
    }
}

void main ( void ) {
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources