Beginner
10 min

Enjoy the warmth you desire with TMP392 and PIC18F57Q43

Your home, your comfort control

Thermostat 4 Click with Curiosity Nano with PIC18F57Q43

Published Feb 13, 2024

Click board™

Thermostat 4 Click

Dev.Board

Curiosity Nano with PIC18F57Q43

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18F57Q43

Embrace smarter living with our cutting-edge smart thermostat that optimizes energy usage while keeping you cozy.

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Thermostat 4 Click is based on the TMP392, a resistor-programmable temperature switch from Texas Instruments that enable protection and detection of system thermal events from 30°C to 130°C. The device powers on when the supply voltage goes beyond 1.5V, and starts sampling the input resistance to set the two trip points and hysteresis value after power-on. Trip point for channel A can be set manually using onboard trimmer while trip point for channel B is set using TPL0501 digital potentiometer with 256 wiper positions used as as a two-terminal rheostat. With end-to-end resistance of 100 kΩ internal registers of the TPL0501 can be accessed using a SPI interface. The position of the wiper (W) terminal is controlled by the value in the 8-bit Wiper Resistance (WR) register. When the WR register contains all zeroes (zero-scale), the wiper terminal is closest to its L terminal. As the value of the WR register increases from all zeroes to all ones

(full-scale), the wiper moves from the position closest to the L terminal, to the position closest to the H terminal. At the same time, the resistance between W and L increases, whereas the resistance between W and H decreases. The relay is activated by the host MCU. The voltage for the coil activation is 5V, while the current through the coil is 40mA. The MCU is not able to drive the coil directly, therefore an N-chanel FET had to be added. Its gate is controlled by the host MCU, allowing the coil to drain enough current from the 5V mikroBUS™ power rail. A red color LED, labeled as ACTIVE is used to indicate that the transistor is in an open state and that the current is running through the relay coil. When the current through a coil (or any other inductor) is suddenly changed, the backEMF will be generated, opposing the changes of the current. This can sometimes lead to damage to the control circuit: in this case, the transistor will become inversely polarized. To

prevent this from happening, a flyback diode is added across the coil. During the normal operation, this diode does not conduct any current. However, when the coil is switched OFF, the inverse polarization will cause the current to pass through this diode with minimum resistance. This prevents inverse (flyback) voltage from building up, so the transistor remains safe. The Click board™ is equipped with all the necessary elements, required to provide a reliable operation: it has a varistor across the relay output contacts, preventing excessive voltage transients, it has a flyback diode for the backEMF generated within the relay coil, and a durable mechanical relay, that can withstand up to 20,000,000 mechanical cycles (no load connected). These features allow Thermostat 4 click to be used for a wide range of applications that have to be thermally controlled: various home appliances, air conditioners, cooling fans, small heaters, and more.

Thermostat 4 Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

PIC18F57Q43 Curiosity Nano evaluation kit is a cutting-edge hardware platform designed to evaluate microcontrollers within the PIC18-Q43 family. Central to its design is the inclusion of the powerful PIC18F57Q43 microcontroller (MCU), offering advanced functionalities and robust performance. Key features of this evaluation kit include a yellow user LED and a responsive

mechanical user switch, providing seamless interaction and testing. The provision for a 32.768kHz crystal footprint ensures precision timing capabilities. With an onboard debugger boasting a green power and status LED, programming and debugging become intuitive and efficient. Further enhancing its utility is the Virtual serial port (CDC) and a debug GPIO channel (DGI

GPIO), offering extensive connectivity options. Powered via USB, this kit boasts an adjustable target voltage feature facilitated by the MIC5353 LDO regulator, ensuring stable operation with an output voltage ranging from 1.8V to 5.1V, with a maximum output current of 500mA, subject to ambient temperature and voltage constraints.

PIC18F57Q43 Curiosity Nano double side image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

128

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

48

RAM (Bytes)

8196

You complete me!

Accessories

Curiosity Nano Base for Click boards is a versatile hardware extension platform created to streamline the integration between Curiosity Nano kits and extension boards, tailored explicitly for the mikroBUS™-standardized Click boards and Xplained Pro extension boards. This innovative base board (shield) offers seamless connectivity and expansion possibilities, simplifying experimentation and development. Key features include USB power compatibility from the Curiosity Nano kit, alongside an alternative external power input option for enhanced flexibility. The onboard Li-Ion/LiPo charger and management circuit ensure smooth operation for battery-powered applications, simplifying usage and management. Moreover, the base incorporates a fixed 3.3V PSU dedicated to target and mikroBUS™ power rails, alongside a fixed 5.0V boost converter catering to 5V power rails of mikroBUS™ sockets, providing stable power delivery for various connected devices.

Curiosity Nano Base for Click boards accessories 1 image

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

Channel A Output
PA0
AN
Reset
PA7
RST
SPI Chip Select
PD4
CS
SPI Clock
PC6
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
SPI Data IN
PC4
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
Relay Control
PB0
PWM
Channel B Output
PA6
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Thermostat 4 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Curiosity Nano Base for Click boards front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Curiosity Nano with PIC18F57Q43 as your development board.

Curiosity Nano Base for Click boards front image hardware assembly
Charger 27 Click front image hardware assembly
PIC18F47Q10 Curiosity Nano front image hardware assembly
Prog-cut hardware assembly
Charger 27 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
Curiosity Nano with PICXXX Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
Necto image step 5 hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
PIC18F57Q43 Curiosity MCU Step hardware assembly
Necto No Display image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Debug Image Necto Step hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After loading the code example, pressing the "DEBUG" button builds and programs it on the selected setup.

Application Output Step 1

After programming is completed, a header with buttons for various actions available in the IDE appears. By clicking the green "PLAY "button, we start reading the results achieved with Click board™.

Application Output Step 3

Upon completion of programming, the Application Output tab is automatically opened, where the achieved result can be read. In case of an inability to perform the Debug function, check if a proper connection between the MCU used by the setup and the CODEGRIP programmer has been established. A detailed explanation of the CODEGRIP-board connection can be found in the CODEGRIP User Manual. Please find it in the RESOURCES section.

Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Thermostat 4 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • thermostat4_hot_alert_state - This function read state from OA pin.

  • thermostat4_relay_ctrl - This function write desired state on RLY pin.

  • thermostat4_set_warm_hysteresis - This function write hysteresis data.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file 
 * @brief Thermostat4 Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * Thermostat 4 Click reads alert on the warm and hot channel, using standard SPI communication.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * Initializes Driver init, Relay test and
 * sets hysteresis on the WARM channel ( channel B ), after thet starts uploading new data.
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 *  Reads Alert on the WARM and HOT channel.
 * 
 * @note: The user has the option of adjusting the hysteresis for channel B via the SPI module 
 * while for channel A it is adjusted via the potentiometer.
 * 
 * @author MikroE Team
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "thermostat4.h"

static thermostat4_t thermostat4;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    thermostat4_cfg_t thermostat4_cfg;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, "---- Application Init ----" );

    //  Click initialization.

    thermostat4_cfg_setup( &thermostat4_cfg );
    THERMOSTAT4_MAP_MIKROBUS( thermostat4_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    err_t init_flag  = thermostat4_init( &thermostat4, &thermostat4_cfg );
    if ( SPI_MASTER_ERROR == init_flag ) {
        log_error( &logger, " Application Init Error. " );
        log_info( &logger, " Please, run program again... " );

        for ( ; ; );
    }

    log_printf( &logger, ">> R-E-L-A-Y  O-N <<\r\n" );
    thermostat4_relay_ctrl( &thermostat4, THERMOSTAT4_RELAY_ON );
    Delay_ms( 1000 );
    log_printf( &logger, ">> R-E-L-A-Y  O-F-F <<\r\n" );
    thermostat4_relay_ctrl( &thermostat4, THERMOSTAT4_RELAY_OFF );
    Delay_ms( 500 );
    
    thermostat4_set_warm_hysteresis( &thermostat4, 0 );
    thermostat4_new_cfg_upload( &thermostat4 );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
    if ( thermostat4_hot_alert_state( &thermostat4 ) == THERMOSTAT4_HOT_ALERT ) {
        log_printf( &logger, ">> H-O-T  A-L-E-R-T <<\r\n" );
        thermostat4_relay_ctrl( &thermostat4, THERMOSTAT4_RELAY_ON );
    } else if ( thermostat4_warm_alert_state( &thermostat4 ) == THERMOSTAT4_WARM_ALERT ) {
        log_printf( &logger, ">> W-A-R-M  A-L-E-R-T <<\r\n" );
        thermostat4_relay_ctrl( &thermostat4, THERMOSTAT4_RELAY_ON );
    } else { 
        log_printf( &logger, ">> T-E-M-P-E-R-A-T-U-R-E  O-K <<\r\n" );
        thermostat4_relay_ctrl( &thermostat4, THERMOSTAT4_RELAY_OFF );
        Delay_ms( 200 );
    }  
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources