Intermediate
30 min

Monitor and signal temperature changes with TMP144 and STM32F303RC

Master of temperature observation

Thermo 23 Click with UNI-DS v8

Published Mar 11, 2023

Click board™

Thermo 23 Click

Development board

UNI-DS v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

STM32F303RC

Digital temperature sensor with highly accurate and reliable results

A

A

Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Thermo 23 Click is based on the TMP144, a digital temperature sensor that is optimal for thermal management and profiling applications from Texas Instruments. This temperature sensor is characterized by high accuracy; a temperature range of -10°C to +100°C provides typical ±0.5°C accuracy. The temperature sensing device for the TMP144 is the chip itself. A bipolar junction transistor inside the chip is used in a band-gap configuration to produce a voltage proportional to the chip temperature. The voltage is digitized and converted to a 12-bit temperature result in degrees Celsius, with a resolution of 0.0625°C. The TMP144 possesses several operational modes: Continuous-Conversion mode (CC), Shutdown, One-shot mode, and Extended Temperature mode, which increases the temperature-measurement range from -40°C to +120°C. In the CC mode, ADC performs continuous temperature conversions

and stores each result to the temperature register, overwriting the result from the previous conversion, while Shutdown modes reduce power consumption in the TMP75C when continuous temperature monitoring is not required, typically less than 0.5μA. Also, while the TMP144 is in Shutdown mode, it can perform a one-shot temperature measurement and return to the Shutdown state after the single conversion. Thermo 23 Click communicates with MCU using the UART interface with commonly used UART RX and TX pins as its communication protocol operating at 115200bps by default configuration to transmit and exchange data with the host MCU. This interface can also be seen as both UART and SMAART Wire™ interface, supporting daisy-chain configurations. Besides, the interface also supports Multiple Device Access (MDA) commands that let the host communicate with multiple devices on the bus simultaneously.

This sensor's special and equally important feature is its software interrupt, a temperature alert function that monitors the device temperature and compares the result to the values stored in the temperature limit registers to determine if the device temperature is within these set limits. The TMP144 only issues future interrupts once the user-writes sets the interrupt enable bit in the configuration register to re-enable future interrupts. This Click board™ can only be operated with a 3.3V logic voltage level. The board must perform appropriate logic voltage level conversion before using MCUs with different logic levels. However, the Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing functions and an example code that can be used as a reference for further development.

Thermo 23 Click top side image
Thermo 23 Click lateral side image
Thermo 23 Click bottom side image

Features overview

Development board

UNI-DS v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different STM32, Kinetis, TIVA, CEC, MSP, PIC, dsPIC, PIC32, and AVR MCUs regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over WiFi. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, UNI-DS v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any

circumstances at any time. Each part of the UNI-DS v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector. Communication options such as USB-UART, USB

HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. UNI-DS v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

UNI-DS v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M4

MCU Memory (KB)

256

Silicon Vendor

STMicroelectronics

Pin count

64

RAM (Bytes)

49152

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
NC
NC
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
NC
NC
INT
UART TX
PA9
TX
UART RX
PA10
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Thermo 23 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the UNI-DS v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Thermo 23 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • thermo23_set_config This function sets the configuration register.

  • thermo23_read_temperature This function reads the temperature value in Celsius.

  • thermo23_read_command This function reads data from the selected command by using UART serial interface.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief Thermo 23 Click Example.
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of Thermo 23 click board by reading and displaying
 * the temperature measurements.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and logger, and performs the click default configuration which enables
 * continuous conversion and sets the conversion rate to 1 Hz.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Reads the temperature measurement in Celsius and displays the results on the USB UART
 * approximately once per second.
 *
 * @author Stefan Filipovic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "thermo23.h"

static thermo23_t thermo23;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void ) 
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    thermo23_cfg_t thermo23_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    thermo23_cfg_setup( &thermo23_cfg );
    THERMO23_MAP_MIKROBUS( thermo23_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( UART_ERROR == thermo23_init( &thermo23, &thermo23_cfg ) ) 
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    if ( THERMO23_ERROR == thermo23_default_cfg ( &thermo23 ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
}

void application_task ( void ) 
{
    float temperature;
    if ( THERMO23_OK == thermo23_read_temperature ( &thermo23, &temperature ) ) 
    {
        log_printf( &logger, " Temperature : %.2f C\r\n\n", temperature );
        Delay_ms ( 1000 );
    }
}

void main ( void ) 
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) 
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources