Beginner
10 min
0

Ensure flawless detection of absolute angular magnet positions with MA736 and STM32F429ZI

Seamless spin, impeccable precision

Magneto 13 Click with Fusion for ARM v8

Published Nov 11, 2023

Click board™

Magneto 13 Click

Development board

Fusion for ARM v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

STM32F429ZI

Revolutionize your machinery with our solution that accurately detects the absolute angular position of any diametrically magnetized cylinder or rotating shaft.

A

A

Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Magneto 13 Click is based on the MA736, a contactless digital angle sensor from Monolithic Power Systems. Its angle encoder has a configurable 8-bit to 12.5-bit absolute resolution and low latency at a constant rotation speed, allowing rotation measurements from 0 to 60.000 RPM. If used in servo motor applications, it is worth knowing that digital filtering is adjustable to optimize the control loop performance. For the best performance, the best mounting method would be to place the sensor on the rotation axis of a permanent magnet, such as a diametrically magnetized cylinder. The Magneto 13 Click detects the strength of the magnetic field, and for diagnostic purposes, it uses configurable thresholds. The configuration parameters, such as the reference zero-angle and magnetic field

detection threshold, are stored in on-chip non-volatile memory (NVM). The values from the NVM are loaded automatically during the Start-up condition and can be restored through the SPI interface. The sensor detects the magnetic field with the integrated Hall devices, with the angle measured with the SpinAxis method, which digitizes the direction of the field. Doing so, it does not need feedback loop-based circuits or complex arctangent computations. This method generates a sinusoidal signal with a phase representing the magnetic field's angle. The angle is obtained by a time-to-digital converter that measures the time between the zero crossing of the sinusoidal signal and the edge of a constant waveform. To communicate with the host MCU, this Click board™ uses the standard 4-Wire SPI serial

interface, supporting SPI mode 0 and mode 3. Modes are detected automatically by the sensor. In addition, error flags with active HIGH are available on the ERR pin. The angle changes exceeding the defined threshold are indicated as output interruptions over the IRQ pin. The NVM pin is the output that MA736 uses to indicate whether it is busy accessing the non-volatile memory. Also, two LEDs, MGH and MGL, make a visual presentation if the field strength is above or below the selected threshold. This Click board™ can be operated only with a 3.3V logic voltage level. The board must perform appropriate logic voltage level conversion before using MCUs with different logic levels. Also, it comes equipped with a library containing functions and an example code that can be used for further development.

Magneto 13 Click hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

Fusion for ARM v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different ARM® Cortex®-M based MCUs regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over WiFi. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, Fusion for ARM v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any

circumstances at any time. Each part of the Fusion for ARM v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector.

Communication options such as USB-UART, USB HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. Fusion for ARM v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

Fusion for ARM v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

ARM Cortex-M4

MCU Memory (KB)

2048

Silicon Vendor

STMicroelectronics

Pin count

144

RAM (Bytes)

262144

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

Error Flag
PA3
AN
NC
NC
RST
SPI Chip Select
PA4
CS
SPI Clock
PA5
SCK
SPI Data OUT
PA6
MISO
SPI Data IN
PB5
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
Non-Volatile Memory Indicator
PD12
PWM
Angle Interrupt
PD3
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
NC
NC
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Magneto 13 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the Fusion for ARM v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
Buck 22 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Magneto 13 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • magneto13_get_angle - Magneto 13 gets the angular position function.

  • magneto13_get_field_strength - Magneto 13 gets the magnetic field strength function.

  • magneto13_set_mag_field_thd - Magneto 13 sets the magnetic field threshold function.

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief Magneto 13 Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This library contains API for the Magneto 13 Click driver.
 * The demo application reads and displays 
 * the magnet's angular position in degrees.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initialization of SPI module and log UART.
 * After driver initialization, the app executes a default configuration.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * This example demonstrates the use of the Magneto 13 Click board™.
 * Reads and displays the magnet's angular position in degrees.
 * Results are being sent to the UART Terminal, where you can track their changes.
 *
 * @author Nenad Filipovic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "magneto13.h"

static magneto13_t magneto13;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    magneto13_cfg_t magneto13_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    magneto13_cfg_setup( &magneto13_cfg );
    MAGNETO13_MAP_MIKROBUS( magneto13_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( SPI_MASTER_ERROR == magneto13_init( &magneto13, &magneto13_cfg ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    if ( MAGNETO13_ERROR == magneto13_default_cfg ( &magneto13 ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
    log_printf( &logger, " -------------------- \r\n" );
    Delay_ms( 100 );
}

void application_task ( void )
{
    static uint8_t field_strength = 0;
    static float angle = 0;
    if ( MAGNETO13_OK == magneto13_get_field_strength( &magneto13, &field_strength ) )
    {
        if ( ( MAGNETO13_FLD_ST_OK == field_strength ) && ( MAGNETO13_OK == magneto13_get_angle( &magneto13, &angle ) ) )
        {
            log_printf( &logger, " Angle: %.2f [deg]\r\n", angle );
            log_printf( &logger, " -------------------- \r\n" );
            Delay_ms( 1000 );
        }
    }
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources