Intermediate
30 min
0

Achieve unparalleled accuracy in current measurement with MAX40080 and PIC18LF26K80

Unlock new possibilities with current sensing

Current 6 Click with EasyPIC v8

Published Nov 01, 2023

Click board™

Current 6 Click

Development board

EasyPIC v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC18LF26K80

Effortlessly manage dynamic loads with our current sensing technology, seamlessly adapting to current demand changes

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Current 6 Click is based on the MAX40080, a high-precision, fast sample-rate digital current-sense amplifier from Analog Devices. The MAX40080 measures current and common-mode voltage ranging from -0.1V to 36V and converts the data into digital form through an I2C-compatible two-wire serial interface allowing access to conversion results. Also, setting the input voltage sense using the I2C register, ±50mV or ±10mV, will allow one to select two measuring ranges from 0A to 1A or 0A to 5A. This Click board™ communicates with MCU using the standard I2C 2-Wire interface for configuring and checking the device's status. Standard I2C commands allow reading the data and configuring other operating characteristics. While reading the current/voltage registers, any measured current and voltage changes are ignored until the read is completed. The current/voltage register is updated for the new measurement upon

completion of the read operation. The MAX40080 has a unique I2C slave address selection method based on a single R4 resistor. By selecting the resistors of precisely defined resistances from Table 1, it is possible to choose 32 different slave addresses corresponding to 32 different resistor values in the attached datasheet. The default value of the R4 resistor is 100kΩ which corresponds to an address of 0x01. In addition, it also features a wake-up current threshold and auto-shutdown mode when the I2C interface is inactive, both designed to minimize power consumption. Since the sensor for operation requires a 1.8V logic voltage level to work correctly, a small regulating LDO is used, the ADP151 from Analog Devices, providing a 1.8V out of mikroBUS™ rails. This LDO uses the Enable pin labeled as EN and routed to the CS pin of the mikroBUS™ socket to optimize power consumption, used for its power ON/OFF

purposes. That's why the LTC4301L voltage-level translator is also featured. The I2C interface bus lines are routed to the voltage-level translator, allowing this Click board™ to work properly with both 3.3V and 5V MCUs. It also possesses an additional interrupt signal, routed on the INT pin of the mikroBUS™ socket labeled as INT, indicating when a specific interrupt event occurs, such as overcurrent/voltage, under voltage, FIFO full/overflow, a wake-up current threshold reached, and more. This Click board™ can operate with either 3.3V or 5V logic voltage levels selected via the VIO SEL jumper. This way, both 3.3V and 5V capable MCUs can use the communication lines properly. Also, this Click board™ comes equipped with a library containing easy-to-use functions and an example code that can be used, as a reference, for further development.

Current 6 Click hardware overview image
Current 6 Click Current Warning image

Features overview

Development board

EasyPIC v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports many high pin count 8-bit PIC microcontrollers from Microchip, regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, EasyPIC v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any

circumstances at any time. Each part of the EasyPIC v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. In addition to the advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module, which offers many valuable programming/debugging options and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment, the board also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector.

Communication options such as USB-UART, USB DEVICE, and CAN are also included, including the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, two display options (graphical and character-based LCD), and several different DIP sockets. These sockets cover a wide range of 8-bit PIC MCUs, from the smallest PIC MCU devices with only eight up to forty pins. EasyPIC v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

EasyPIC v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Architecture

PIC

MCU Memory (KB)

64

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

28

RAM (Bytes)

3648

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
Enable
RA5
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
Interrupt
RB1
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
I2C Clock
RC3
SCL
I2C Data
RC4
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
2

Take a closer look

Schematic

Current 6 Click Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

EasyPIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the EasyPIC v8 as your development board.

EasyPIC v8 front image hardware assembly
LTE IoT 5 Click front image hardware assembly
MCU DIP 28 hardware assembly
LTE IoT 5 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
EasyPIC v8 28pin-DIP Access - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto DIP image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Current 6 Click driver.

Key functions:

  • current6_get_alert_pin - This function returns the alert pin logic state

  • current6_read_data - This function reads the input voltage and current measurement values

  • current6_get_status - This function reads and clears the status register

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * @file main.c
 * @brief Current6 Click example
 *
 * # Description
 * This example demonstrates the use of Current 6 click board by reading 
 * the input voltage and current measurements.
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 *
 * ## Application Init
 * Initializes the driver and performs the click default configuration.
 *
 * ## Application Task
 * Waits for the FIFO data interrupt and then reads the measurements of
 * the input voltage and current and displays the results on the USB UART 
 * approximately once per second.
 *
 * @author Stefan Filipovic
 *
 */

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "current6.h"

static current6_t current6;
static log_t logger;

void application_init ( void ) 
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;  /**< Logger config object. */
    current6_cfg_t current6_cfg;  /**< Click config object. */

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info( &logger, " Application Init " );

    // Click initialization.
    current6_cfg_setup( &current6_cfg );
    CURRENT6_MAP_MIKROBUS( current6_cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    if ( I2C_MASTER_ERROR == current6_init( &current6, &current6_cfg ) ) 
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Communication init." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    if ( CURRENT6_ERROR == current6_default_cfg ( &current6 ) )
    {
        log_error( &logger, " Default configuration." );
        for ( ; ; );
    }
    
    log_info( &logger, " Application Task " );
}

void application_task ( void ) 
{
    if ( current6_get_alert_pin ( &current6 ) )
    {
        uint16_t status;
        if ( CURRENT6_OK == current6_get_status ( &current6, &status ) )
        {
            if ( status & CURRENT6_FIFO_CFG_DATA_OVERFLOW_MASK )
            {
                float voltage, current;
                if ( CURRENT6_OK == current6_read_data ( &current6, &voltage, &current ) )
                {
                    log_printf( &logger, " Voltage: %.3f V\r\n Current: %.3f A\r\n\n", voltage, current );
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

void main ( void ) 
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; ) 
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources