Intermediate
30 min
0

Achieve unparalleled switching control and reliability with AH1389 and PIC32MX675F512L

Switch with magnetism: Upgrade your control with Hall switch

Hall Switch Click  with UNI-DS v8

Published Sep 13, 2023

Click board™

Hall Switch Click

Development board

UNI-DS v8

Compiler

NECTO Studio

MCU

PIC32MX675F512L

Provide precise and dependable relay control activated by magnetic fields. It empowers you to optimize applications in security systems and industrial automation with ease.

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Hardware Overview

How does it work?

Hall Switch Click is based on the AH1389, an ultra-sensitive dual output unipolar Hall Effect switch, from Diodes Incorporated. This IC utilizes Hall effect - a phenomenon in which the current flow, or rather - the path of the conductor electrons is affected by the magnetic field. Due to the fact that the path of the electrons is curved, a buildup of positive charges is formed on the opposite side of this path, and the voltage is generated. If a voltmeter is connected to the path perpendicular to the current path and the magnetic field, a voltage will be detected. The AH1389 has the ability to detect both the north and south poles of the magnetic field. The magnetic field from the south pole magnet will pull the output 2 to a LOW (active) state, while the magnetic field from the north pole magnet will pull the output 1 to a LOW

(active) state. The IC features several sections for the signal conditioning. It also provides the hysteresis for the output activation, to avoid erratic triggering. The magnetic field strength which activates outputs is about ±25 G, while the field strength under ±20 G will deactivate outputs, giving a hysteresis of typical 5 G. The positive and negative sign is used with respect to the magnet poles (north pole has a negative sign prefix). The outputs of the AH1389 IC are routed to the operational amplifiers, which work as the inverting comparators. When the output of the AH1389 IC is activated - pulled to a LOW voltage level, the output from the comparator will be set to 5V. This will cause biasing of the BJT, allowing current flow through the relay coil, and thus forming a magnetic field necessary for closing the relay

contacts. A Schottky diode across the relay coil prevents the reverse kickback voltage, which forms due to the inert nature of the coils. Activation of the relay coils is indicated by the red and blue LEDs, respectively. Two outputs of the AH1389 IC are also routed to the mikroBUS pins: north pole output (1) is routed to the CS pin and the south pole output (2) is routed to the INT pin of the mikroBUS™ so that the status of the IC can be monitored by the MCU. Two varistors are used to prevent voltage peaks when the load is connected or disconnected on the relay output contacts. The output contacts are further routed to the screw terminals, which allow up to 10A. However the relays allow up to 5A for 250V AC/30V DC, so the connected load should not exceed these power ratings.

Hall Switch Click  hardware overview image

Features overview

Development board

UNI-DS v8 is a development board specially designed for the needs of rapid development of embedded applications. It supports a wide range of microcontrollers, such as different STM32, Kinetis, TIVA, CEC, MSP, PIC, dsPIC, PIC32, and AVR MCUs regardless of their number of pins, and a broad set of unique functions, such as the first-ever embedded debugger/programmer over WiFi. The development board is well organized and designed so that the end-user has all the necessary elements, such as switches, buttons, indicators, connectors, and others, in one place. Thanks to innovative manufacturing technology, UNI-DS v8 provides a fluid and immersive working experience, allowing access anywhere and under any

circumstances at any time. Each part of the UNI-DS v8 development board contains the components necessary for the most efficient operation of the same board. An advanced integrated CODEGRIP programmer/debugger module offers many valuable programming/debugging options, including support for JTAG, SWD, and SWO Trace (Single Wire Output)), and seamless integration with the Mikroe software environment. Besides, it also includes a clean and regulated power supply module for the development board. It can use a wide range of external power sources, including a battery, an external 12V power supply, and a power source via the USB Type-C (USB-C) connector. Communication options such as USB-UART, USB

HOST/DEVICE, CAN (on the MCU card, if supported), and Ethernet is also included. In addition, it also has the well-established mikroBUS™ standard, a standardized socket for the MCU card (SiBRAIN standard), and two display options for the TFT board line of products and character-based LCD. UNI-DS v8 is an integral part of the Mikroe ecosystem for rapid development. Natively supported by Mikroe software tools, it covers many aspects of prototyping and development thanks to a considerable number of different Click boards™ (over a thousand boards), the number of which is growing every day.

UNI-DS v8 horizontal image

Microcontroller Overview

MCU Card / MCU

default

Type

8th Generation

Architecture

PIC32

MCU Memory (KB)

512

Silicon Vendor

Microchip

Pin count

100

RAM (Bytes)

65536

Used MCU Pins

mikroBUS™ mapper

NC
NC
AN
NC
NC
RST
North Pole Magnet Detection
PD7
CS
NC
NC
SCK
NC
NC
MISO
NC
NC
MOSI
Power Supply
3.3V
3.3V
Ground
GND
GND
NC
NC
PWM
South Pole Magnet Detection
PE8
INT
NC
NC
TX
NC
NC
RX
NC
NC
SCL
NC
NC
SDA
Power Supply
5V
5V
Ground
GND
GND
1

Take a closer look

Schematic

Hall Switch Click  Schematic schematic

Step by step

Project assembly

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly

Start by selecting your development board and Click board™. Begin with the UNI-DS v8 as your development board.

Fusion for PIC v8 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click front image hardware assembly
SiBRAIN for PIC32MZ1024EFK144 front image hardware assembly
GNSS2 Click complete accessories setup image hardware assembly
v8 SiBRAIN Access MB 1 - upright/background hardware assembly
Necto image step 2 hardware assembly
Necto image step 3 hardware assembly
Necto image step 4 hardware assembly
NECTO Compiler Selection Step Image hardware assembly
NECTO Output Selection Step Image hardware assembly
Necto image step 6 hardware assembly
Necto image step 7 hardware assembly
Necto image step 8 hardware assembly
Necto image step 9 hardware assembly
Necto image step 10 hardware assembly
Necto PreFlash Image hardware assembly

Track your results in real time

Application Output

After pressing the "FLASH" button on the left-side panel, it is necessary to open the UART terminal to display the achieved results. By clicking on the Tools icon in the right-hand panel, multiple different functions are displayed, among which is the UART Terminal. Click on the offered "UART Terminal" icon.

UART Application Output Step 1

Once the UART terminal is opened, the window takes on a new form. At the top of the tab are two buttons, one for adjusting the parameters of the UART terminal and the other for connecting the UART terminal. The tab's lower part is reserved for displaying the achieved results. Before connecting, the terminal has a Disconnected status, indicating that the terminal is not yet active. Before connecting, it is necessary to check the set parameters of the UART terminal. Click on the "OPTIONS" button.

UART Application Output Step 2

In the newly opened UART Terminal Options field, we check if the terminal settings are correct, such as the set port and the Baud rate of UART communication. If the data is not displayed properly, it is possible that the Baud rate value is not set correctly and needs to be adjusted to 115200. If all the parameters are set correctly, click on "CONFIGURE".

UART Application Output Step 3

The next step is to click on the "CONNECT" button, after which the terminal status changes from Disconnected to Connected in green, and the data is displayed in the Received data field.

UART Application Output Step 4

Software Support

Library Description

This library contains API for Hall Switch Click driver.

Key functions:

  • hallswitch_set_npole - Function for turn on and turn off N Pole

Open Source

Code example

This example can be found in NECTO Studio. Feel free to download the code, or you can copy the code below.

/*!
 * \file 
 * \brief Hall Switch Click example
 * 
 * # Description
 * The application sets sensor magnetic pole
 *
 * The demo application is composed of two sections :
 * 
 * ## Application Init 
 * Initializes Driver init and turn OFF S-pole and N-pole
 * 
 * ## Application Task  
 * Turns S and N on and off every 500 ms
 * 
 * \author MikroE Team
 *
 */
// ------------------------------------------------------------------- INCLUDES

#include "board.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "hallswitch.h"

// ------------------------------------------------------------------ VARIABLES

static hallswitch_t hallswitch;
static log_t logger;

// ------------------------------------------------------ APPLICATION FUNCTIONS

void application_init ( void )
{
    log_cfg_t log_cfg;
    hallswitch_cfg_t cfg;

    /** 
     * Logger initialization.
     * Default baud rate: 115200
     * Default log level: LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG
     * @note If USB_UART_RX and USB_UART_TX 
     * are defined as HAL_PIN_NC, you will 
     * need to define them manually for log to work. 
     * See @b LOG_MAP_USB_UART macro definition for detailed explanation.
     */
    LOG_MAP_USB_UART( log_cfg );
    log_init( &logger, &log_cfg );
    log_info(&logger, "---- Application Init ----");

    //  Click initialization.

    hallswitch_cfg_setup( &cfg );
    HALLSWITCH_MAP_MIKROBUS( cfg, MIKROBUS_1 );
    hallswitch_init( &hallswitch, &cfg );

    hallswitch_set_npole( &hallswitch, HALLSWITCH_POLE_NO_ACTIVE );
    hallswitch_set_spole( &hallswitch, HALLSWITCH_POLE_NO_ACTIVE );
}

void application_task()
{
    hallswitch_set_npole( &hallswitch, HALLSWITCH_POLE_ACTIVE );
    Delay_ms( 500 );
    hallswitch_set_spole( &hallswitch, HALLSWITCH_POLE_ACTIVE );
    Delay_ms( 500 );
    hallswitch_set_npole( &hallswitch, HALLSWITCH_POLE_NO_ACTIVE );
    Delay_ms( 500 );
    hallswitch_set_spole( &hallswitch, HALLSWITCH_POLE_NO_ACTIVE );
    Delay_ms( 500 );
}

void main ( void )
{
    application_init( );

    for ( ; ; )
    {
        application_task( );
    }
}


// ------------------------------------------------------------------------ END

Additional Support

Resources